AP Euro Chapters 1-7

Topics: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece Pages: 6 (1859 words) Published: December 15, 2013

Ancient Empires Study Guide

1. What is civilization and why is that definition important to historians? Civilization is the advanced state of human society in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached. This definition is important to historians because their job is too research the past – culture, science, industry, government, etc. - and decipher the mistakes and success made in ancient times in order to shape a better future. This definition is also important because it identifies different characteristics of different civilizations.

2. What is the significance of the Code of Hammurabi?
The Code of Hammurabi was a Babylonian law code that existed back in 1772 B.C. The lessons and morals that the code teachers are significant because they discussed everything influential to society and the laws on religious studies, military service, slavery, behavior, and trade, which were all the important factors of the civilization. The code outlined behavior and what was expected of you.

3. What do the Pyramids tell historians about Egyptian history and culture? Ancient Pyramids tell historians several things about Egyptian history and culture. Egyptians of rank were buried with their most valued belongings, including all of their riches, in the hopes that they will accompany the person into the next life, and this was a main factor of Egyptian history that influenced the culture and civilization as a whole.

4. Why did polytheistic religion dominate the ancient world while monotheistic religions dominate the modern world? The ancient world was dominated by polytheistic religion because it gave people a reason to believe that a god dominated everything important, and every natural substance was controlled by a higher power. Monotheism dominates the modern world because several cultures – including Judaism and Christianity – follow the belief of one god, and the existence of several gods controlling many factors of everyday life has simply faded in most cultures over time.

5. How and why did the Egyptian empire collapse… and why is that collapse different from most ancient empires? The collapse of the Egyptian empire was triggered by "The Sea of Peoples” conquering their land. However, Egypt was not destructed and demolished by "The Sea of Peoples", because Egypt had already adapted as its own culture. In addition, it is believed by many that Egypt’s collapsed was influenced by Akhenaton IV, for he refused to change beliefs.

6. What is the most significant contribution of the Hebrews to Western Civilization? The most significant contribution of the Hebrews to Western Civilization was monotheism. The belief in god was the core of Judaism, and their monotheistic belief system separated the Jews from different cultures and faiths who worshipped several gods. Polytheistic religions were more common, and therefore the Jewish people were out-casted for their opposing beliefs.

7. Why is Homer significant to historians?
Homer is significant to historians because he was the first Greek poet too write about the Trojan War, and he is known for writing the Iliad and the Odyssey. As well, Homer documented history that would have otherwise been forgotten, and he was the greatest writer of his time, loved and greatly respected by the ancient Greeks.

8. What is the polis and what is its significance?
The polis is a city-state, and it was significant too Greece specifically because it led to the development of several political structures such as democracy, tyranny, and oligarchy. As well, the polis was important because it symbolized self-governance under the ruler chosen by the citizens of Greece. In conclusion, the political life of the classical epoch of Greece has been significantly transformed into an individualized philosophical and religious view of life.

9. What is the role of the tyrant in Greek society?
A tyrant in Greek society is one who seized power by force from...
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