Buddhism Yr11 SOR Notes

Topics: Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, Theravada Pages: 7 (1944 words) Published: July 4, 2014
BUDDHISM
Outcomes –
P3 investigates religious traditions and belief systems
P4 examines significant aspects of religious traditions
P5 describes the influence of religious traditions in the life of adherents P6 selects and uses relevant information about religion from a variety of sources P7 undertakes effective research about religion, making appropriate use of time and resources P8 uses appropriate terminology related to religion and belief systems P9 effectively communicates information, ideas and issues using appropriate written, oral and graphic forms.

ORIGINS
PRINCIPAL BELIEFS
SACRED TEXTS AND WRITINGS
CORE ETHICAL TEACHINGS
PERSONAL DEVOTION IN THE HOME

ORIGINS-

Pre-Buddhism Conditions (Outline the historical and cultural contexts) oBuddhism began around the sixth century BCE in India
oIndia consisted of many tribes and had diversity in cultures. oPeople were divided into three classes: - Brahmins (priests) - Kshatriyas (knights)
- Vaishyas (skilled workers)
oPeople born into a tribe remained in the tribe for their whole life. oHinduism was around at the time and their religion was based solely on sacrifices made by Brahmins. Puja was performed at home or in the temple, and believed that good deeds leads to a greater rebirth (Karma) oMultiple schools of philosophy were people argued the nature of existence.

The Buddha (Examine principal events and explain him as a role model) oSiddhartha Gautama was born around 560 BCE to Mahamaya and Suddhodana. oScholars and priests predicted that he would become a powerful ruler or a religious leader. His father assumed that he would be a ruler. oSiddhartha became aware of suffering and left the palace multiple times to find a solution. He encountered a sick person, and old person, and a dead person. He realises that he would one day also suffer and die. oHe began to discipline himself by not eating or sleeping for multiple days. oFinally achieves enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree where he had planned to either find the solution or die trying. oHis central ideas became known as the Four Noble Truths.

Life is full of suffering.
Suffering is caused by desires and grasping.
Suffering is ended by removing these desires and grasping. •The Eightfold Path will bring an end to suffering.

BUDDHA AS A MODEL OF BUDDHIST LIFE
Siddhartha is seen as a model for Buddhist life as he became a guide for those who were attracted by his teaching and compassion. His teaching and insights, his ability to explain ethical life and his guidance on meditating presented the Buddha as a role model for the Buddhists. He made everyone believe that no matter what class they belonged to, they could achieve enlightenment under his guidance. This made him the example of what would later become Buddhism.

The Formation of the Sangha (Describe the early formation of the Sangha in the first five years, including request for a female) oThe Sangha were the community of Buddhist followers.
oIt initially consisted of just the Lord Buddha’s closest companions. oFor many years the Lord Buddha refused to let women into the Sangha but Mahapajapati, his foster mother, convince him to establish a female Sangha. oThe Sangha collected donations of food as they were poor during the dry season and meditated in the forest during the rainy season. oThe followers were encouraged to meet regularly to agree on the correct understanding of The Buddha’s teachings.

The Early Councils (Outline two importance of the first two councils) oAfter the apparent death of the Lord Buddha, there was a meeting between the Arahats (holy men) to agree on the teachings of Lord Buddha. oThat council was set up at Rajagaha, where people recited the Dharma. oA second council was set up seventy years later as there was a disagreement where some monks were behaving according to the...
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