P3 investigates religious traditions and belief systems
P4 examines significant aspects of religious traditions
P5 describes the influence of religious traditions in the life of adherents P6 selects and uses relevant information about religion from a variety of sources P7 undertakes effective research about religion, making appropriate use of time and resources P8 uses appropriate terminology related to religion and belief systems P9 effectively communicates information, ideas and issues using appropriate written, oral and graphic forms.
SACRED TEXTS AND WRITINGS
CORE ETHICAL TEACHINGS
PERSONAL DEVOTION IN THE HOME
Pre-Buddhism Conditions (Outline the historical and cultural contexts) o
Buddhism began around the sixth century BCE in India
India consisted of many tribes and had diversity in cultures. o
People were divided into three classes: - Brahmins (priests)
- Kshatriyas (knights)
- Vaishyas (skilled workers)
People born into a tribe remained in the tribe for their whole life. o
Hinduism was around at the time and their religion was based solely on sacrifices made by Brahmins. Puja was performed at home or in the temple, and believed that good deeds leads to a greater rebirth (Karma) o
Multiple schools of philosophy were people argued the nature of existence.
The Buddha (Examine principal events and explain him as a role model) o
Siddhartha Gautama was born around 560 BCE to Mahamaya and Suddhodana. o
Scholars and priests predicted that he would become a powerful ruler or a religious leader. His father assumed that he would be a ruler. o
Siddhartha became aware of suffering and left the palace multiple times to find a solution. He encountered a sick person, and old person, and a dead person. He realises that he would one day also suffer and die. o
He began to discipline himself by not eating or sleeping for multiple days. o
Finally achieves enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree where he had planned to either find the solution or die trying. o
His central ideas became known as the Four Noble Truths.
Life is full of suffering.
Suffering is caused by desires and grasping.
Suffering is ended by removing these desires and grasping. •
The Eightfold Path will bring an end to suffering.
BUDDHA AS A MODEL OF BUDDHIST LIFE
Siddhartha is seen as a model for Buddhist life as he became a guide for those who were attracted by his teaching and compassion. His teaching and insights, his ability to explain ethical life and his guidance on meditating presented the Buddha as a role model for the Buddhists. He made everyone believe that no matter what class they belonged to, they could achieve enlightenment under his guidance. This made him the example of what would later become Buddhism.
The Formation of the Sangha (Describe the early formation of the Sangha in
the first five years, including request for a female) o
The Sangha were the community of Buddhist followers.
It initially consisted of just the Lord Buddha’s closest companions. o
For many years the Lord Buddha refused to let women into the Sangha but Mahapajapati, his foster mother, convince him to establish a female Sangha. o
The Sangha collected donations of food as they were poor during the dry season and meditated in the forest during the rainy season. o
The followers were encouraged to meet regularly to agree on the correct understanding of The Buddha’s teachings.
The Early Councils (Outline two importance of the first two councils) o
After the apparent death of the Lord Buddha, there was a meeting between the Arahats (holy men) to agree on the teachings of Lord Buddha. o
That council was set up at Rajagaha, where people recited the Dharma. o
A second council was set up seventy years later as there was a disagreement where some monks were behaving according to the...
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