Exam II Essay Questions Study Outline

Topics: Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek vase-painting styles, Pottery Pages: 5 (758 words) Published: November 16, 2013
The archaeological evidence for the evolution of Greek religious practice from the Submycenaean Period to the early Archaic Period. Think about the kinds of offerings made (animal sacrifices, votives, etc.), the basic elements of a sanctuary (temenos and alter), and any buildings in it. Obviously the development of early temples would be part of the answer.

Submycenaean Period: 1200-1050 BC
Religion was essential in the palace system
Mycenaean deities embodied economical authority
Redistribution of goods = gifts/offerings
Animal sacrifices, as well as wheat, oil, manufactures goods, and slaves Religion pervaded daily life
Greek gods, including zeus and Athena, were worshipped prior. Religion activity focused on rituals and festivals that left few archaeological remains No large religious structures like temples
Palaces had designated cult rooms

Geometric: 1100-900 BC
The first temples appeared
Athena at Athens
Hera at Argos and Samos
Apollo at Eretria
Basic Elements of the Sanctuary – though not necessary for worship Altar for Blood Sacrifice
Temple to House Offerings and a Cult Statue
Gated wall to demarcate the precinct
The Temple was the “god’s house”
Long, horse-shoe shaped halls
Porch at the front
Rubble foundation, mudbrick walls and thatched roofs

Orientalizing: 700-600 BC
Geometric developments continued and investments in religious sanctuaries increased

Archaic: 600-480 BC
State Intervention in Religious Life
Large Temples made of stone and funded by communities
Expansion in number and size of temples
Many cities built more than 1
Change in roofing technique (thatch to terracotta tile)
Increased political centralization
Form
Combination of stone wood terracotta, and mudbrick
Terracotta tiles were more durable, more water resistant, and less flammable Front porch (pronaos) was balanced with a rear porch (opisthodomos) to display offerings Row of columns or peristyle running around the building and supporting the roof Stylobate

Amphiprostyle
Prostyle
Distyle
Main Rooms
Opisthodomos = Rear porch; displayed offerings
Adyton = holy of holies or inner sanctum
Naos = main hall
Pronaos = Front Porch

Changes in funerary practice from the LH IIIC period through the end of the Late Geometric period and what they may indicate about changes in Greek social and political ideology

Late Helladic IIIC/Submycenaean: 1200-1050 BC

Geometric: 1050-700 BC
Cremation Burials were considered a heroic custom
Ashes were placed in a receptacle and buried
People often went to extraordinary lengths to receive a cremation burial Heroic Graves – EXAMPLE: Toumba
Found in the main room of a large house
Horse-shoe shaped
Peristyle (external colonnade)
Surrounded by rich cemetery
Abundance of gold, Egyptian imports, and animal sacrifices
Became public monument

The evolution of vase-painting from the Submycenaean period through the Orientalizing Period, using specific terms and examples to illustrate your points. What changes in society and its values might these changes reflect?

? Handmade Burnished Ware (HMB)
Northern Invaders
Appears with ordinary Mycenaean pottery
Many kinds and many origins
1150 Warrior Vase
After palaces collapse
New warfare techniques (chariot to infantry)
1500 Granary Style, Close Style deep bowl, and Octopus Style Stirrup Jars Submycenaean Pots with hand drawn concentric circles
Protogeometric – Burials in amphoras (cremation)
Use mmultiple brush compass for concentric circles and semi circles 900 (Late Protogeometric) Belly and Neck Amphoras
Trefoil-lipped oinoche
Use sintening for shiny black effect
Early Geometric “Battlement” and mianden motifs
750 (Late Geometric) Large cases for grave markers
Show protehsis (corpse and mourners)
Tekphara (corpse on way to burial)
Trefoil anochoe – myths and fight scenes
Writing inscriptions (ex: Skyphos pot)
650 (Orientalizing) Icongraphy and god myths
700...
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