Humanities Study Guide

Topics: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Ancient Greece Pages: 7 (994 words) Published: October 14, 2013
Humanities Midterm Exam
Study Guide
Ancient Religion
Polytheistic Mainly
Gods were immortal but have human forms & personalities
Early Sculptures
Willendorf Woman
Standing Man
Mesopotamia
Modern Day Iran
“Land between rivers.”
Agriculture was fully developed here first
Beginning of Bronze Age
Different Civilizations
Sumerians
King Gilgamesh
Had city-states
Each city-state had its own ruler and god
King served as intermediary between local god and people
Buildings clustered around god’s temple
Akkadians
King Sargon I, and his grandson/successor Naram-Sin, conquered Sumer The heads of the Sumerian city states became slaves to the king of Akkad He became a god to them
Babylonians
Hammurabi
Law Code of Hammurabi
Assyrians
Persians
Ancient Literature
Epic of Gilgamesh
Gilgamesh and the Bible: Two Flood Stories
Ancient Egyptian religion
Polytheistic
Nile River was worshipped as a deity
Karma- means action; involves a kind of moral cause and effect The Afterlife
Mummification
Pyramids = burial ground w/ all materials & supplies needed for afterlife Book of the Dead
Spells out the procedures the dead had to use before being admitted into the Field of Reeds Where that soul was judged
Ancient Greek Civilizations
Cycladic
Minoan
Mycenaen
Archaic
Classical
Hellenistic
Trojan War
Trojans and Greeks
Over Helen of Troy
How did the war end?
Trojan Horse
Aristotle
Logic included an analysis of the basic categories used to describe the natural world Distinguished between “what is” and “how it is what it is” Syllogism
Series of logically related statements consisting of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion Ex: “All philosophers are mortal. Socrates is a philosopher, Socrates therefore is mortal.” Greek Columns

Doric
Ionic
Corinthian
Greek Plays
Comedy
Tragedy
Male Sculptures
Greeks began a civilization called
Polis (City States)
Roman Civilizations
They were Etruscan before they were Romans
Spoke Latin
Roman Republic and then Empire
3 Basic forms of Political Regime
Monarchy, Republic, Empire
Augustus
Founder of Roman Empire
Social Policies
Revitalized the institution of marriage in Roman Life
Encouraged larger families
Criminalized adultery and passed laws to promote marriage
Required men between ages of 25 and 60, Women between 25 and 50, divorcees 6 months, and widows a year to be married Denied inheritances to childless men and women or required them to pay higher taxes Granted nobility political advantages according to the size of the families Feudalism

Social structure of medieval Europe
Kings, Nobles, Surfs
You did not move up the social ladder
Romanesque
Heavy & Dark Churches
Rounded Arches
Gothic
Gargoyles & Sculptures
Pointed Arches
Stained Glass windows
Tell Stories
Gregorian Chant Music
What made it possible for Churches to rise higher and higher? Flying Buttresses
100 Years War
France vs. England
William Duke of Normandy was a vassal to French King
He took England and is now the English King
Basically a war between kings
Dark Ages
Pilgrims
Religion played a major role
Churches were the biggest buildings
Holy Roman Empire
Division between Church and State
Guilds
Purpose
Controlled the training of apprentices & crafts people, set wages, and supervised contracts & other aspects of business What is it?
Association of artisans and crafts people that regulated the quality of work produced in various trades University
Why would you go?
3 Options
Medicine, Law, Theology
Males Only
Education, to become more well rounded
Magna Carta
Signed by English King, John
What is it?
First official document to set limits on royal authority
“No free man will be imprisoned, dispossessed, outlawed, or exiled without judgment of his equals, according to the law of the land Rights must always be fought for, they are never given to you Trial by jury

Plagues
Black Death
Bubonic- infected lymph nodes
Pneumonic- infected...
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