World History Key Terms (definitions from the WEB)

Topics: Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Roman Empire Pages: 6 (2192 words) Published: November 27, 2013
Iliad and Odyssey- stories were written by ancient Greeks to tell stories of heroism; to inspire their people. stories of morality and character. By having Odysseus punished repeatedly in the Odyssey, it was thought by the Greeks to provoke a sense of humility and shame instead of pride based on Greek heroes, to have Greek citizens harbor a sense of humility and humbleness instead of pride and nobility and power. For all intensive purposes, they were told for entertainment; and to possibly pass on the Greeks' legacy as a ruling empire in Europe, before the Dark Ages wiped them all out for good and the fall of the Greeks to the Romans became reality. Polis- (Greek City-state) The significance of Polis was that it resulted in political innovation. It is often described as the foundations of democracy. However, in order to reach democratic ideals, it experienced extended tyranny. Sparta and Athens- Sparta  in strategy and military had a lot to offer. Many of the strategies and of military. Athens, mostly in the Golden Age has too offer philosophy(Plato), art in all of its forms(statues), politics (rhetorics ), architecture (Acropolis), science (math, physics, history). city-states in ancient Greece. the capital and largest city of Greece; named after Athena (its patron goddess); "in the 5th century BC ancient Athens was the world's most powerful and civilized city Persian Wars- The Persian Empire was the dominant power. When the Greeks defeated them, they became dominant and Hellenistic ideals, culture, and philosophy was spread throughout the known world. fought between Persian Empire, far and away the largest and wealthiest kingdom on earth, and a collection of independent Greek cities who lived in relative poverty and obscurity. The Greeks had not a fraction of the wealth or population of the Persians, and were themselves disunited and engaged in perpetual conflicts, yet they soundly defeated the Persians and retained their independence and freedoms. Peloponnesian Wars- greatest events in Greek history. The two sides that fought were Athens, the Delian League, and the Spartans. It is ironic because Athens, the more democractic society, forced the war with Sparta. It is fair to say the war was largely over economic considerations, With the Peloponnesian area so divided and weakened it allowed Philip and Alexander of Macedonia to conquer it. Divided Greek fell to them. Later, Rome conquered the territory Delian League- was an association of approximately 150 5th-century BCE Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens, whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Greco–Persian Wars. Alexander of Macedon- he spread Greek culture and language! Alexander managed to unite the Greek states under his powerful command. He made an incredible campaign for 10 years and won every battle he fought! But he was not seen as a conqueror from the enslaved nations of the Persian empires! Instead he was considered as a liberator!  socrates plato and Aristotle- Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. Socrates was the big-city philosopher in ancient Athens. Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, his only real crime was embarrassing and irritating a number of important people. His punishment was death. Plato was a student of Socrates and wrote famous dialogues featuring his teacher verbally grappling with opponents. believed in the pre-existence and immortality of the soul, holding that life is nothing more than the imprisonment of the soul in a body. Aristotle was Plato's student. He went on to become the very well-paid tutor of Alexander the Great —he produced nearly a thousand books and pamphlets A key theme in Aristotle's thought is that happiness is the goal of life. The founder of logical theory, Aristotle believed that the greatest human...
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