The World Generals Series
“Palgrave’s World Generals Series will feature great leaders whose reputations have transcended their own nations, whose bold characters led to new forms of combat, whose determination and courage gave shape to new dynasties and civilizations—men whose creativity and courage inspired multitudes. Beginning with illustrious World War II German Field Marshall Irwin Rommel, known as the Desert Fox, the series will shed new light on famous warrior-leaders like Napoleon, Frederick the Great, Alexander, Julius Caesar, Genghis Khan, drawing out the many important leadership lessons that are still relevant to our lives today.”
—Gen. Wesley K. Clark
This distinguished new series will feature the lives of eminent military leaders from around the world who changed history. Top military historians will write concise but comprehensive biographies including the personal lives, battles, strategies and legacies of these great generals, with the aim to provide background and insight into contemporary armies and wars as well as to draw lessons for the leaders of today. Rommel by Charles Messenger
Alexander the Great by Bill Yenne
Montgomery by Trevor Royle
Lessons from History’s
ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Copyright © Bill Yenne, 2010.
All rights reserved.
First published in 2010 by PALGRAVE MACMILLAN® in the U.S.—a division of St. Martin’s Press LLC, 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010.
Where this book is distributed in the UK, Europe and the rest of the world, this is by Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited, registered in England, company number 785998, of Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS.
Palgrave Macmillan is the global academic imprint of the above companies and has companies and representatives throughout the world.
Palgrave® and Macmillan® are registered trademarks in the United States, the United Kingdom, Europe and other countries.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data is available from the Library of Congress.
A catalogue record of the book is available from the British Library. Design by Letra Libre
First edition: April 2010
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Printed in the United States of America.
General Wesley K. Clark
Introduction: Born into a State of War
1. Auspicious Beginnings
2. Long Live the King
3. From Granicus to Gordium
4. Turning Point at Issus
5. The Takedown of Tyre
6. From Gaza to Alexandria
7. Decision at Gaugamela
8. To the Victor Go the Spoils
9. Last Stand at Persian Gate
10. From Persepolis to the Caspian Gates
11. The King of Asia
12. The Crossroads at Syr Darya
13. On the Frontier
14. Men Fly over Sogdian Rock
15. Into the Headwaters of the Indus
16. Siege at Aornos
17. Triumph at Hydaspes
18. Ever Eastward
19. The End of the Road
20. A Macedonian against the Malhi
21. From Great Rivers to Waterless Wilderness
22. Back to Persis
23. Final Days in Babylon
24. What Was and What Might Have Been
Epilogue: Lasting Legacy
Note on Sources
Illustrations appear between pages 102 and 103.
Alexander the Great was the first great military commander of the West. Before him were legends or mere mortals; after him, all were emulators. No one since has moved as far, as rapidly or as successfully given their respective technologies: not Julius Caesar, not Hannibal, not Genghis Khan, nor Gustavus Adolphus, not Napoleon, and not the armies of Hitler or Stalin.
Bill Yenne’s fast moving and insightful biography of Alexander is the best yet at drawing out the lessons from history’s first and greatest undefeated general. It is more than a record of battles and campaigns; rather, it is a remarkable and...
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