Ancient Greece and Lt

Topics: Ancient Greece, Greece, Greek mythology Pages: 6 (1400 words) Published: September 13, 2013
Chapter 6
Lesson 1 – The Rise of the Greek Civilizations

I. Greece’s Geographic Setting

A. Smashed pieces – some floated into sea – others as peninsula’s

Peninsula – area of land that is surrounded by water on three sides

B. Most of Greece is mountain tops/bad farming 1/5 good – made them traders

Islands and land islands separated Greece – separate countries

1. own customs and beliefs were best
2. Would fight for them – even though they were alike
II. Greek Beginnings
A. Minoan Civilization
1. 3000 – 1100 B.C. – Bronze Age – lived on Crete Med./Aegean Sea 2. broad sea trade – seemed to be successful from remains 3. were beat-up by others and declined quickly

B. The Mycenaens
1. took over what was mainly the Minoan empire
2. did trade but also did some empire building
3. mixed cultures and spoke an early form of Greek C. The Trojan War
1. Greek Myth – about the Trojan War – Big wooden horse seen as gift – rolled in and Soldiers come out at night and let the rest of the Greek Army in. 2. Epic – long story telling poem

3. Iliad/Odyssey – credited to Homer – tell of Greek gods and heroes 4. Most agree that the Trojan War did not happen as described by Homer but know that Troy was destroyed by fire in 1200’s B.C. – maybe by Greeks. III. The Dark ages of Greece

A. Not long after the Trojan War Greece’s economy collapsed – not known why. B. Survival was the main focus not writing
C. 1100’s – 750 B.C. – not recorded well and rely on word of mouth D. Some families began to resettle and grow crops – settled by mts. and hills – villages formed, built acropolis. E. Acropolis – fortification that means high city

City States Develop

A. Around 750 B.C. it is believed that several villages joined together to form city-states. B. City-state – a city that separates to form an independent state 1. Included a city and villages that grew around them for support 2. hundreds formed each more or less independent

C. Aristocracy: Nobles Rule
1. aristocrats – members of rich and powerful families 2. early rulers were chieftains or military kings 3. money = power,(weapons, chariots, soldiers)

A New Type of Ruler

1. As trade grew a new middle class developed from merchants/artisans 2. wanted say in government but could not afford horses/chariots 3. could afford armor/swords/spears/men

4. shifted military force from aristocracy to these people 5. Tyrants eventually came to power
6. Tyrant – ruler that seized power by force
7. Today we see tyrants as cruel but some back then ruled wisely. IV. Democracy in Greece
A. People in many city-states overthrew tyrants
B. Some developed democratic government – Athens did this the most C. Democracy – citizens govern themselves
D. New ruler (Solon) in 594 B.C. ruled fairly
1. cancelled debt and released slaves from debt
2. 18 or older males could debate
E. 1/5 people in Athens were citizens, Athenian Mother and Father F. only citizens could vote – not slaves not women not foreigners

Chapter 6

Lesson 2 – Religion, Philosophy and the Arts

The Golden Age of Athens

A. Golden Age of Athens/achieved by mining of silver from slaves, (479-431 BC)

B. Tributes from allies also made them gain wealth

D. Tribute – payments made to Athens by it’s allies E. Pericles was the powerful leader – aristocrat that supported democracy 1. Paid government workers
2. Poor citizens...
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