The ancient Greek civilizations was innovative in virtually every aspect of their society, transforming and influencing the rest of the world with structurally advanced architecture, sophisticated philosophies, and the world first democratic political assembly. Though speculation occurs about the true nature of innovative thinking in the ancient Greek world, the new ideas that developed there were among the most influential in human history. Ancient Greece had a democracy, which is a type of government where every citizen has a say in important decision-making. For example, the Funeral Oration of Pericles states, “Our constitution is called a democracy because the power is in the hands not of minority but of the whole people.” Democracy is also another significant legacy, and in today’s society, it is still used in many countries. All in all, advancement in Ancient Greece played a major role in the past and the present way of life. Greeks saw architecture as art and science of building. The Greeks adopted post and lintel architecture from the Egyptians modifying and developing their own style of column. They were well known for using three styles of columns in their buildings the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Doric style is rather sturdy and its top, the capital, is plain. The columns are fluted. This style was used in mainland Greece and the colonies in southern Italy and Sicily. The Ionic style is thinner and more elegant. The capital is decorated with a scroll-like design, a volute. This style was found in eastern Greece and the islands. The Corinthian style is seldom used in the Greek world, but often seen on Roman temples. The capital is very elaborate and decorated with acanthus leaves. The buildings in Greece maybe still standing today that use this style of architecture are the Parathenon on the Acropolis in Athens was built in the Doric style. Also the Temple of Athena Nike located very close to the Parthenen in the Ionic style. Many U.S....
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