Chapter 4 Outline
I. Ancient Iran
Iran’s mineral resources copper, tin, iron, gold, and silver were exploited on a limited scale in antiquity Mountain slopes, more heavily wooded. A. Geography and Resources
Iran is by the Zagros Mountains to the west, the Caucasus Mountains and Caspian Sea to the northwest and north, the mountains of Afghanistan and the desert of Baluchistan to the east and southeast, and the Persian Gulf to the southwest. Humans trying to survive in these harsh lands had to find ways to exploit limited water resources. Unlike the valleys of the Nile, Tigris-Euphrates, Ganges, and Yellow Rivers, ancient Iran never had a dense population. The best-watered and most populous parts of the country lie to the north and west.
B. The Rise of the Persian Empire
The Persian rulers now called Achaemenids because they traced their lineage back to an ancestor named Achaemenes cemented their relationship with the Median court through marriage. The early inhabitants of western Iran had a patriarchal family organization the male head of the household had nearly absolute authority over family members. Society was divided into three social and occupational classes: warriors, priests, and peasants. Warriors were the dominant element. C. Imperial Organazation and Ideaology
The Persian rulers now called Achaemenids because they traced their lineage back to an ancestor named Achaemenes cemented their relationship with the Median court through marriage. One of the satrap’s most important duties was to collect and send tribute to the king. Darius prescribed how much precious metal each province was to contribute annually.
The king owned vast tracts of land throughout the empire. Some of it he gave to his supporters. Donations called bow land, horse land, and chariot land in Babylonian documents obliged the recipient to provide military service. II. The Rise of the Greeks
Greece was a relatively resource-poor region, the cultural features that...
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