AP World History Vocabulary
Achaemenid Empire: Of or relating to the dynasty that ruled the Persian Empire. A member or subject of this dynasty. 2.
Achaemenid Administration: A central part of the Achaemenid administration was the satrapy system that allowed a certain amount of regional autonomy. 3.
Assyrian Empire: An ancient empire and civilization of western Asia in the upper valley of the Tigris River. In its zenith between the ninth and seventh centuries b.c. the empire extended from the Mediterranean Sea across Arabia and Armenia. 4.
Aztecs: A member of a people of central Mexico whose civilization was at its height at the time of the Spanish conquest in the early 16th century. 5.
Bantu Migrations: Bantu migration is the movement of Bantu speaking people from their original homeland (craddleland) to their current homelands. 6.
Bubonic Plague: The great epidemic of bubonic plague that killed a large part of the population of Europe in the mid 14th century. 7.
Buddhism: The teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct, wisdom, and meditation releases one from desire, suffering, and rebirth. 8.
Byzantine Economy & Society: Constantinople claimed a population of one million people or more. To feed this enormous populace, the Byzantine Empire originally depended upon Egypt as its major source of grain; however when that area was overrun by Arabs, Anatolia and the lower Danube River basin became the Empire’s major breadbasket. The economy performed best when it was supported by a large class of free peasants 9.
Byzantium & Russia: The Byzantine empire influenced the early Russians for many reasons. One was that they converted all the Slavs (Early Russians) to Christianity. After that, they took on the Greek alphabet and converted all the Bibles into a Slavic tongue Which easily means that they gave them language. Vladimir made the orthodox Christianity the religion of the Russians. Soon, Russians adapted aspects of the Byzantine culture such as art, music, architecture and an example of this is Byzantine domes started to take on an onion shape which is typical in Russian churches. 10.
Carolinigan Empire: The Carolingian Empire united most of western Europe under a single ruler from about 751 until 987. It was named for the Carolingians, a family of Frankish kings. 11.
Caste System: The caste system is a system of division of labor and power in human society. It is a system of social stratification. First est. in India by British Parliament. 12.
Chavin: The Chavín were a civilization that developed in the northern Andean highlands of Peru from 900 BC to 200 BC. They extended their influence to other civilizations along the coast. 13.
Classical Greece: Classical Greece was a 200 year period in Greek culture lasting from the 5th through 4th centuries BC. This classical period had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire and greatly influenced the foundations of the Western Civilization. Much of modern Western politics, artistic thought, such as architecture, scientific thought, literature, and philosophy derives from this period of Greek history. 14.
Classical Persia: The Islamic conquest of Persia marks the beginning of the new history of Persian language and literature. This period produced world class Persian language poets and the language served, for a long span of time, as the lingua franca of the eastern parts of Islamic world and South Asia. 15.
Decline of Carolinigan Empire: Charlemagne and his advisors managed a "renaissance" in which they attempted to re-create the Roman Empire of the West as best they could. The central piece of this effort was the concentration of authority in a central government, and they were almost certain to have failed in this effort. They failed to address the basic problems of the West: the decay of the economic infrastructure (roads, bridges) and the loss...
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