Chapter 1-Pre-Historic Art
Attributes- Symbolic object or objects that identify a particular deity, saint, or personification in art
Ceramics- Wares made of baked clay
Dolmen- Prehistoric sculpture made up of or more large stones supporting a large, flat, horizontal slabs
Capstones- The final topmost stone in corbel arch or vault which joins the sides and completes the Structure
Henge- Circular area enclosed by stones or wood posts set up by Neolithic peoples
Modeling -in painting the process of creating the illusions of three-dimensionality on a 2 dimensional Surface by the use of light and shade. In sculpture the process of molding
Passage graves- prehistoric tomb under a cairn, reached by a long narrow slab lined access passage or Passageways
Post-and-Lintel-architectural system of construction with two or more vertical elements (posts) supporting A horizontal (lintel)
Sculpture in the round –Three dimensional sculptures that is carved free of any background or block
Chapter 2- Art of the Ancient Near East
Alabaster- a soft fine translucent white stone
Cylinder seals- a small cylindrical stone decorated with incised patterns. When rolled across soft clay or wax the resulting raised pattern or design served as an identifying signature.
Conventions-a traditional way of representing forms.
Cuneiform- an early form of writing with wedged shaped marks impressed into wet clay with a stylist used primarily by ancient Mesopotamians.
Hieratic scale-the use of different sizes for significant or holy figures and those of the everyday world to indicate relative importance. The larger the figure the greater its importance.
Pictographs-a highly stylized and simplified depiction serving as a symbol for a person or object.
Relief sculpture-a sculpture image or design whose flat background surface is carved away to a certain depth setting off the figures.
Registers-a device used in a system of special definition.
Scribes-a professional who wrote texts or maintains written records.
Stele-an upright stone slab articulated with inscriptions or reliefs.
Votive figures-an image created as a devotional offering to a god or other deity.
Ziggurats-in Mesopotamia a tall stepped pyramidal structure of earthen materials often supporting a shrine.
Chapter 3-Art of the Ancient Egypt
Colonnade-a row of columns supporting a straight lintel or series of arcs.
Hieroglyph-picture writings words and ideas rendered in the form or pictorial symbols.
Hypostyle hall-a large interior room characterized by many closely spaced columns that support its roof.
Mastaba-a flat topped one story building with slanted walls over an ancient Egyptian underground tomb.
Necropolis-a large cemetery or burial area.
Palette-a hand held support used by artists for the storage and mixing of paint.
Pylon-a massive gateway form by a pair or tapering walls of oblong shape. Scarab-
Sunken relief- the image is molded below the original surface of the background which is not cut away.
Chapter 5 Art of Ancient Greece and the Aegean World
Amphora-an ancient Greek jar for storing oil or wine with an egg shape body and two curved handles.
Archaic-curved lips of an ancient Greek statue from the period c.600-480 BCE.
Black-figure technique-a technique of ancient Greek pottery black figures are painted on red clay ground.
Canon- established rules or standards.
Caryatid-a sculpture of a draped female figure acting as column supporting an entablature.
Contrapposto-the classical convention of representing standing human figures with opposing alternations of tension and relaxation on each side of a central axis.
Corinthian order-the most ornate of the orders includes a base a flutted column shaft with a capital elaboratory decorated with a...
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