Athens vs. Sparta
Athens and Sparta in contrast had many similarities and differences such as the view on women, politics, economy and military structure. Sparta and Athens each had similarities and differences regarding the status and view of women in society.
Women in Sparta were judged on their physique and physical and athletic state. Women in Sparta had designated arenas in which they would exercise and compete in athletic tournaments, usually secluded from the men who were out training. The main reason women were to be fit was because the Spartans believed healthy and fit women would produce fit offspring, continuing the military tradition of Sparta.
The Athenian culture had a different aspect on women’s lives. Instead of being physically fit to bear a healthy offspring, women were judged on their beauty. The Athenians based there women by how they look. However, physical training was not unheard of for women, and exercising among them was quite common. The political differences and similarities between Sparta and Athens were different based on their government systems. Athens was a democracy. They narrowed down groups of people to a low number and that group would be in charge based on their experience. The Athenian assembly known as the ekklesia was formed to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx which was an area close to the center of Athens, the agora. Sparta was a Oligarchy, meaning two kings were primarily responsible for militaristic and religious ideas. These two kings served as the leaders of a Spartan army on its campaigns. The Spartan “Senate” was its gerousia while Kings would regularly attend the paella; a general assembly to develop motions or pass decrees. Other purposes of the paella were a place to vote on and pass legislation, or even make civil decisions. Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open only to members of the highest social standing.
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