Ancient Greece was divided in different city-states. Each city-state had a ruler, laws and a way of life. Athens and Sparta were the two most important city-states of Ancient Greece. They also led very different lifestyles. Athens, the richer of the two, was a democratic nation and Sparta, the fiercest, was an oligarchic nation.
Athens was the first city-state in history to have a democratic government. The democratic government that was established here didn’t show up in history for a long time until the 18th century when the United States of America was found. Athens was ruled by a council of 500 members. Athens was very different from Sparta. While Sparta was laid back and isolated, Athens was very social. The citizens of Athens could participate in the government. Only males were citizens and representatives were chosen by lottery. Men weren’t forced to join the army. They could also choose their own professions. On the other hand, women had a minor role. They couldn’t move freely throughout the city and had limited to no rights. Girls were married by their father between the ages of 12 and 17. They received no education and instead were trained to become good housewives. The city of Athens was very diverse. They welcomed anyone and made its profit by visitors. There was equal justice for everyone. Athenians valued political participation, individual differences, family, education and art. Male citizens over the age of 19 were part of the Assembly, which made laws. Athens relied on trade and tourism. All in all, Athens was a place full of diverse cultures and was one of the richest city-states, due to its excessive trade.
Sparta was another city-state in Ancient Greece. It had an oligarchy government, which meant “ruled by the few”. Sparta was ruled by two kings and 28 elders. Spartans valued physical perfection and the nation was war dominant. Sparta also had a brutal society. When a child was born, the father had to bring the newborn up to the elders,...
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