birth rates

Topics: Old age, Sociology, Health care Pages: 4 (1491 words) Published: December 3, 2013
As the birth rates in recent years have been declined rapidly, the social issues that associate with older people’s social care come in quick succession. It is important to find out the way in solving these severe problems instead of ignoring. Therefore, this essay would analyze the approaches that different countries used and obtain the most sustainable way in order to achieve the social balance.

Before comparing the elderlies’ social care approaches in different countries, providing the backgrounds of different countries are essential in analyzing which country has the best and the most sustainable approach. The information of the background must be included the proportion of senior citizen in these countries, the requirement of social care from the older people, and also the budget that the government invested in those services.

In general, the situation of UK has no different from other countries. The proportion of older people in the UK society is increasing as there are more people becoming older. According to a report of population in UK, in 2010, there were about 640 thousands people turned 65 and in 2012, it is figured out that there were about 800 thousands people turned 65. (Later life in the United Kingdom, 2013) There is a 25% increase in the number of people turned 65 between these two years. Then, the total number of the elders aged 65 or above in UK is 10.3 million, which is 16% of the total population in UK (63.76 million populations).

In this essay, Japan is chosen as the comparing group with the United Kingdom. Today, the population in Japan is about 126 millions, which is one of the larger population countries in the world. The country also experienced a losing population in recent years because of decreasing birth rates and no net immigration from other foreign countries. Japan also faces the ageing problem due to a huge increase in the amount of elderly. Refer to the statistic of population of Japan in 2010, there was 22.6% of...
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