Bmw - a Case Study

Topics: Organizational studies and human resource management, Sunk costs, Administrative Science Quarterly Pages: 3 (720 words) Published: January 28, 2008
References
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Basili, V. R., G. Caldiera, et al. (1992). "A Reference Architecture for the Component Factory." ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology 1 (1): 53-80. Bowen, M. G. (1987). "The Escalation Phenomenon Reconsidered: Decision Dilemmas or Decision Errors?" Academy of Management Review 12 (1): 52-66.

Brockner, J. (1992). "The Escalation of Commitment to a Falling Course of Action: Toward Theoretical Progress." Academy of Management Review 17 (1): 39-61.
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References: Angle, H. L. and J. L. Perry (1981). "An Empirical Assessment of Organizational Commitment and
Organizational Effectiveness." Administrative Science Quarterly 26 : 1-13.
Arkes, H. R. and C. Blumer (1985). "The Psychology of Sunk Cost." Organizational Behavior and Human
Decision Processes 35 : 124-140.
Basili, V. R., G. Caldiera, et al. (1992). "A Reference Architecture for the Component Factory." ACM
Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology 1 (1): 53-80.
Bowen, M. G. (1987). "The Escalation Phenomenon Reconsidered: Decision Dilemmas or Decision Errors?"
Academy of Management Review 12 (1): 52-66.
Brockner, J. (1992). "The Escalation of Commitment to a Falling Course of Action: Toward Theoretical
Progress." Academy of Management Review 17 (1): 39-61.
Brockner, J., S. Nathanson, et al. (1984). "The Role of Modeling Processes in the "Knee Deep in the Big
Muddy" Phenomenon." Organizational Behavior and Human Performance 33 : 77-99.
Brooks, F. P. (1987). "No Silver Bullet: Essence and Accidents of Software Engineering." Computer 20 (4): 10-
19.
Ewusi-Mensah, K. and Z. H. Prazasnyski (1994). "Factors contributing to the abandonment of information
systems development projects." Journal of Information Technology 9 : 185-201.
Fox, F. V. and B. M. Staw (1979). "The Trapped Administrator: Effects of Job Insecurity and Policy Resistance
upon Commitment to a Course of Action." Administrative Science Quarterly 24 (September): 449-471.
Garland, H. (1990). "Throwing Good Money After Bad: The Effect of Sunk Cost on the Decision to Escalate
Commitment to an Ongoing Project." Journal of Applied Psychology 75 (6): 728-731.
Hall, R. H. (1991). Organizations — Structures, Processes, & Outcomes. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey,
Prentice Hall, Inc.
Jones, C. (1995). "Risk of Software System Failiure or Disaster." American Programmer 8 (3): 2-9.
Keil, M. (1995a). "Identifying and Preventing Runaway Systems Project." American Programmer 8 (3): 16-22.
Keil, M. (1995b). Pulling the Plug: Software Project Management and the Problem of Project Escalation.
Kiesler, C. A. (1971). The Psychology of Commitment: Experiments Linking Behavior to Belief. New York,
Academic Press.
Markus, M. L. and M. Keil (1994). "If We Build It, They Will Come: Designing Information Systems That
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Nathanson, S., J. Brockner, et al. (1982). "Toward the Reduction of Entrapment." Journal of Applied Social
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Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods, SAGE Publications, Inc.
Sabherwal, R., M. K. Sein, et al. (1994). Why Organizations Increase Commitment to Failing Information
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Schneider, G. P. (1993). Escalation Behavior in Information Systems Development: Alternative Motivations,
Experience, and the Sunk Cost Effect
Staw, B. M. (1981). "The Escalation of Commitment To a Course of Action." Academy of Management Review
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Staw, B. M. (1982). Counterforces to Change. Change in Organizations. P. S. G. Associates. San Francisco,
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Staw, B. M. and F. V. Fox (1977). "Escalation: The Determinants of Commitment to a Chosen Course of
Action." Human Relations 30 (5): 431-450.
Staw, B. M. and J. Ross (1987a). Behavior in Escalation Situations: Antecedents, Prototypes, and Solutions.
Staw, B. M. and J. Ross (1987b). "Knowing when to pull the plug." Harvard Business Review 65 (2): 68-74.
Teger, A. I. (1980). Too Much Invested To Quit. New York, Pergamon Press.
Willcocks, L. (1991). "informatization in public administration and services in the United Kingdom: toward a
management era?" Informatization and the Public Sector 1 (3): 189-211
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