Business Ethics Quiz 2

Topics: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant Pages: 4 (655 words) Published: October 20, 2013
Question 1
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Nonconsequentialists like Ross believe that
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we have no obligation to promote general welfare.
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morality permits each of us a sphere in which to pursue our own plans and goals. Question 2
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Utilitarians believe that
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an action can't be right if the people who are made happy by it are outnumbered by the people who are made unhappy by it. Correct Answer:
an action that leads to unhappiness is morally right if any other action that you could have performed instead would have brought about even more unhappiness. Question 3
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Egoism as a psychological theory
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states that self-interest is the only thing that ever motivates anyone. Correct Answer:
states that self-interest is the only thing that ever motivates anyone. Question 4
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A practical basis for discussing moral issues involves taking account of Answer
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effects, ideals, and obligations.
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effects, ideals, and obligations.
Question 5
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A key idea of Immanuel Kant's ethical theory is that:
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all duties are prima facie duties.
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we should treat people as ends in themselves, never merely as means. Question 6
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According to the utilitarian theory, an action is morally right if and only if Answer
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it maximizes total, net happiness.
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it maximizes total, net happiness.
Question 7
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Supererogatory actions are
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actions that it would be good to do but not immoral not to do. Correct Answer:
actions that it would be good to do but not immoral not to do. Question 8
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Imagine a shopkeeper who is honest because being...
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