CHAPTER 5 SUMMARY PAGE

Topics: Corinthian order, Ionic order, Classical order Pages: 2 (1069 words) Published: November 30, 2014
Summary Page for: CHAPTER 5 ART OF ANCIENT GREECE 
Context:
Cultural Belief System (religion) / History / Social / Political / Economic / Geographical

Greek art influenced Western civilization to present / city states=democracy first evolved-also abstract reasoning, inquiry, philosophy, drama, poetry, & history / rugged mountainous terrain / Greeks felt themselves superior & called all other people "barbarians"/ After Persian army was repulsed Athenians established a democratic government headed by Pericles-began building temples & sculpture on the Acropolis to commemorate the gods who made victory possible-During Periclean Age-artist, historians, writers, dramatists & scientists flourished / from 431-404 Athens, Sparta & other city states engaged in Peloponnesian War/ 4th century age of Socrates, Plato, & Aristotle / 338 BCE Greece fell to Philip of Macedon-succeeded by his son Alexander the Great/ after death of Alexander empire divided into three territories ruled by generals-cities burgeoned with mixed population bound together by international trade based on coined money-philosophies of Epicureanism & Stoicism & mystery religions -achievements in astronomy, mathematics, geography, medicine & physics / art centers were outside Greek mainland-art became a commercial product-factories = flourished to keep up with the demand/ class distinctions sharpen Religion: polytheist, Gods, led by Zeus governed life & death-given human attributes-thought to possess great power, knowledge, & immortality-sacrifices were made to the gods at outdoor altars / mythology based on gods with human attributes

Dates:
Historical Time Period / Artistic Period

C. 900-600 BCE-THE GEOMETRIC & ORIENTALIZING PERIODS 
C. 600-480 BCE- ARCHAIC
C. 480-450 BCE- TRANSITIONAL (Early Classical)
C. 450-400 BCE-HIGH CLASSICAL
C. 400-320 BCE- FOURTH CENTURY (Late Classical)
C. 320-30 BCE- HELLENISTIC
Patronage / Audience-Viewer:
Site usually sacred to one god – all citizens...
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