Classification of Religions

Topics: Buddhism, Hinduism, Gautama Buddha Pages: 6 (1523 words) Published: October 25, 2011

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Religion is a set of beliefs, cultural system and worldviews that establish symbols that relate humanity to spirituality and to moral values. It defines who you are, what you are and your views about the world. It gives its followers guidelines which frames their actions, attitudes, cultures and belief.

There are more than four thousand religions in this world, however, most of them are not commonly known to world. Famous religions have been divided into three types:

1. Abrahamic Religions
2. Indian Religions
3. Iranian Religions

Abrahamic religions are the religions that originate from one source i.e. Abraham (A.S). These are monotheism religions i.e. belief in the existence of one and only one GOD. The main three Abrahamic religions are: * Judaism

* Christianity
* Islam

Judaism is among the world's oldest monotheistic religions and the first of the three Abraham religions. Around 12 million people in the world believe in Judaism. They are mostly in the United States and Israel. The Torah, or Hebrew Bible, is the most important holy book of Judaism. The primary custom of Judaism is practicing prayer, preferably communal prayer. Jews attend synagogues for praying and religious events. Jews also follow Dietary Laws which require believers to avoid certain foods. Belief of Judaism is belief in one GOD and must obey the Laws of GOD. The Torah and the Oral Laws are important aspects of Judaism that must be studied. Jews believe in Halakha, which is the Jewish way of life.

Christianity is founded on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth (1st century) as offered in the New Testament. The Christian belief is vitally belief in Jesus as the Christ, the Son of GOD, and as Savior and Lord. Almost all Christians accept as factual in the Trinity, which educates the harmony of Father, Son (Jesus Christ), and Holy Spirit as three individuals in one Godhead. Most Christians can recount their belief with the Nicene Creed. As the belief of Byzantine Empire in the first millennium and of Western Europe throughout the time of colonization, Christianity has been propagated all through the world. The major partitions of Christianity are, as asserted by the number of adherents:

* Catholic Church
* Protestantism
* Eastern Christianity

Islam is the second largest monotheistic religion in the world after Christianity. With more than one billion followers worldwide, there are many different Islamic groups, all united by their faith. Muslims believe that there is one God, Allah. The Holy Qur’an is the scripture of Islam. The two main groups of Islam are:

* Sunni
* Shia’s

Muslims have specific Islamic customs that they follow on a regular basis including the Five Pillars of Islam. Those who believe in Islam must also follow a specific diet which restricts Muslims from eating unlawful foods. Belief of Islam is that there is one GOD called Allah in Arabic. The religion is also based on the following six beliefs: Angels, the Holy Books of Islam, Prophets, Judgment Day, Predestination and The Sharia.

Indian religion is a classification for beliefs that began in the Indian subcontinent; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. These beliefs are furthermore classified as Eastern religions. Although Indian beliefs are attached through the annals of India, they constitute a broad variety of devout groups and Indian beliefs are not confined to the Indian subcontinent. The documented annals of Indian beliefs start with chronicled Vedic belief, the devout practices of the early Indo-Aryans, which were assembled and subsequent redacted into the Samhitas, four canonical collections of hymns or mantras created in archaic Sanskrit.

Hinduism is among the oldest...
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