CLCV 114 EXAM 2

Topics: Ancient Greece, Alexander the Great, Plato Pages: 12 (2213 words) Published: January 26, 2015
Apollonius of Rhodes (Author)
Wrote The Argonautica. The myth of the voyage of Jason and the Argonauts to retrieve the Golden Fleece from remote Colchis Aratus (Author)
Wrote Phaenomena. A didactic (teaching something) poem about astronomy. Describes constellations and other celestial phenomena. Aristophanes (Author)
wrote The Clouds, The Frogs, Lysistrata, old comedy, native Athenian, attacks politicians, harsh critic of various governments Aristoxenus (Author)
music, science, wrote the Elements of Harmony, pupil of Aristotle Arrian (Author)
wrote Expedition of Alexander, The Campaigns of Alexander, historian, military commander, and philosopher Demosthenes (Author)
First Philippic, makes a speech warning people about Phillip II of Macedon Euclid (Author)
Geometry, the elements of Geometry
Euripides (Author)
wrote Medea
native Athenian, criticized by comic writers, often uses deus ex machina, tragedy includes everyday emotions Isocrates (Author)
wrote Panegyricus (speech written for the festival of the Olympic games, Panhellenic expedition against Persia Plutarch (Author)
Historian and biographer;
famous for his biographical series, Parallel Lives, where he documented the lives of Alexander, Caesar, and Pyrrhus

Socrates (Author)
One of the founders of Western philosophy, teacher of Plato, served as President of the Assembly Theocritus (Author)
First poet that did Pastoral poetry, wrote Idyll I (Thyrsis) and XI-Cyclops Thucydides (Author)
The Peloponnesian War, wrote down the symptoms of the Plague so people in the future would be able to recognize it, was removed and exiled, participant in the Peloponnesian war Ictinus (art)
Architect of the Temple of Bassae, co-architect with Callicrates of the Parthenon, Temple of Apollo Callicrates (art)
Parthenon (with Ictinus), architect of the "Temple of Nike" in the sanctuary of Athena Nike on the Acropolis Mnesicles (art)
The designer of the propylaea, or the entrance gateway to the Acropolis at Athens Berlin Painter (art)
Introduced red figure painting, Athenian vase painter
Pheidias (art)
Greek sculptor, regarded as one of the greatest of sculptors. He executed the sculptures of the Riace Bronzes, the Parthenon, and the colossal statue of Zeus at Olympia, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, chryselephantine statues Myron (art)

Greek sculptor, Made Discobolus "The Discus Thrower"
Praxiteles (art)
The most renowned Attic sculptor of the 4th century BC. Also the first to sculpt the nude female form in a life-size statue. Lysippus (art)
Also a 4th Century BC sculptor. Part of the three greatest Classical Greek sculptor (along with Scopas and Praxiteles). Polycleitus (art)
Made Diadoumenos, Doryphorus, and Chryselephantine of Hera. Divided the human body into sections, known as the canon, based on proportions of the head to the body. Thales (philosophy)
Pre-Socratic philosopher, regarded by Aristotle as the first Greek philosopher. Attempted to use reason and logic instead of mythology to explain natural phenomena. Believed that all matter started as water. "Father of Science" Plato (philosophy)

Pupil of Socrates, founded academy in Athens, wrote Socratic dialogue, teacher of Aristotle Aristotle (philosophy)
Wrote about logic, physics, poetry, politics, he tutored Alexander Socrates (philosophy)
Fought in Peloponnesian war, president of the assembly, teacher of Plato, sentenced to death for corrupting the youths of Athens; Classical Greek Athenian philosopher, credited as one of the founder of western philosophy. Anaxmander (philosophy)

Milesian School; pupil and successor of Thales; first philosopher to have written down his studies; famous for theory of the infinite (apeiron) as the source of all phenomena Anaximenes (philosophy)

Pupil of Anaximander. Contrary to Anaximander and Thales, he viewed air as the primary substance of which all other things are made. Pythagoras (philosophy)...
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