Compare and Contrast the Classical Civilizations of India and China

Topics: India, Buddhism, Hinduism Pages: 2 (625 words) Published: April 8, 2013
Classical China and India have some differences, but the civilizations also have many similarities such as both having a caste system, something that has many differences and similarities are both China and India’s religion. Government is another thing influenced both Classical China and India.

Both India and China has a caste system but the systems are not the same, they have a few differences. In India a person born into a caste can never change caste or mixed with members of other castes, but the Indians thought that good deeds in your life got you a higher position in the system in your next life while bad deeds got you lower on the caste system. At the top of the caste were the Brahmin- the priests, teachers and judges, next is the Kshatriya also known as the warrior caste. The Vaisya caste was farmers and merchants, and the Sudras were craftworkers and laborers. There were also people outside the caste system known as the untouchable or outcastes, they had the jobs no one else would ever want, such as a job that involved in ending a life, killing or disposing of dead cattle.In China their caste system was know as the “Four Class System,” it was the legal caste system in the Yuan Dynasty. Kubai Khan developed the Four Class System, the highest on the Chinese caste system were the Shi, which were scholars, then the Nong, who were peasants and farmers, the Gong, who were the artisans and craftsmen, and lastly was the Shang who were merchants and traders.

Religion played a big part in both classical China and India, both ancient civilizations believed in many gods and not just one. The most important deity of ancient China was Ti. The Chinese believed that Ti had the power to punish the wrong doers and reward good deeds, like the Indian belief of karma. Around 600 B.C.E. religion in China changed, the societies had faith in yin and yang, the two forces in contrast with each other. Yin was the female force, being passive, dark and cold. Yang was...
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