Critical Thinking

Topics: Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, Noble Eightfold Path Pages: 4 (1117 words) Published: December 12, 2014

Apol 104-D75
November 24, 2014
Critical Thinking Assignment
Part I: What is Buddhism?
According to the reading and additional research “Buddhism” was founded by a royal prince Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) “Awakened” or “Enlightened One” in 624 century before the birth of Christ in what is now part of Nepal. Some would say that Buddhism is better understood as an ethic and philosophy rather than a religion and follows concepts from meditation to The Four Nobel Truths and The Eightfold Noble Path. In all his eighty-four thousand teachings, Buddha Shakyamuni’s objective was to lead people to permanent freedom from suffering. He understood that temporary liberation from misery and hardship was not enough, he wanted to motivate by love and compassion; he wanted to help people find everlasting peace or nirvana. 1. The Question of Origin: In the eyes of a Buddhist, the world as a whole and the life contained in it is believed to have no beginning or end. “There is no reason to support that the world had a beginning at all. The idea that things must have a beginning is really due to the poverty of our thought.” (Russel, 1924) Creation occurs continually throughout time. 2. The Question of Identity: The Buddhist followers believe that they are an impermanent collection of aggregates, for their personal existence continues even after our human form is gone. “The Buddhist claim that the mind is different from the physical body, and that the mind continues to exist even after the physical body has died. As long as this mind continues to exist, then there is a continuation of embodiments. So the Buddhist’s aim is for no more mind because when there is no more mind, then there will be no physical body. And since there is nothing other than the mind covered by the physical body-no atman within or covered by the mind-that leaves nothing.” (http://www.siddhaswarupananda.net) 3. The Question of Meaning/Purpose: The Buddhist believes that anguish and misery is real, it is...

Bibliography: "Bible Gateway." BibleGateway.com: A Searchable Online Bible in over 100 Versions and 50 Languages. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2014.
Bodhi, Bhikkhu. "The Noble Eightfold Path The Way to the End of Suffering." The Noble Eightfold Path: The Way to the End of Suffering. 1 Jan. 1999. Web. 22 Nov. 2014. http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/bodhi/waytoend.html
Guru, Jagad. ""Brain and Mind Connection"" Http://www.siddhaswarupananda.net/. Web. 22 Nov. 2014. .
Hindson, Edward E., and Ergun Mehmet.Caner. The Popular Encyclopedia of Apologetics. Eugene, OR.: Harvest House, 2008. Print.
Weider, Lew, and Ben Gutierrez. Consider. Virginia Beach: Academx Services, VA. Print
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