Critical Thinking Assignment

Topics: Buddhism, Four Noble Truths, Gautama Buddha Pages: 2 (578 words) Published: June 28, 2012
Critical Thinking
Jill Walker
Feb. 27, 2012

Part One: Buddhism

1. The Question of Origin – In the Buddhist Worldview life and the world have no beginning or end. “There is no reason to suppose that the world had a beginning at all. The idea that things must have a beginning is really due to the poverty of our thoughts” (Russel, 1924) Creation occurs repeatedly throughout time. 2. The Question of Identity –

3. The Question of Meaning/Purpose – Buddhism shares a lot of the beliefs of Hinduism. However, they differ in answering this question. Buddhists believe suffering is real and the reason man is enslaved to the cycle of reincarnation. Our purpose is to “eliminate suffering by eliminating desire” (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011). This can be achieved by following the four noble truths and the eightfold path, which lead to a state of Nirvana. Buddhists believe we suffer because we strive to hold on to things, which do not give lasting happiness. 4. The Question of Morality – Morality is directly woven into Buddhist teachings. The Eightfold path connects to morality with the concepts of right speech, right action, and right livelihood. The five precepts of Buddhism also act as their moral code. 5. The Question of destiny - In the Buddhist Worldview our destiny is not controlled God but by us. The actions we take and the decisions we make determine if we have good or bad karma. When we go through the cycle of reincarnation, it is karma that determines who we are when we are reborn.

Part Two: Comparing Christian and Buddhist Worldviews

1. The Question of Origin – The biblical/Christian Worldview differs significantly from the Buddhist Worldview of origin. Christians believe God created the world and everything in it in 6 days. Buddhists believe the world and life have no beginning or end. They do not believe in God or a creator. 2. The Question of Identity – Christians believe all humans were made in God’s image and...
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