DBQ on Greece

Topics: Oligarchy, Aristocracy, Ancient Greece Pages: 2 (775 words) Published: May 22, 2014
The Ancient Greeks have brought many contributions into our world like, science, math, philosophy, and government. They have created different social groups in different cities, some with military roots and some based on the human spirit. They are the creators of today’s social, economic structure.

Hippocrates was a physician who created The Hippocrates Oath. He lived in Greece from 460 to 377 BC. He developed this oath for all physicians to swear that they will not harm their patient or give them any harmful medicines. He also studied causes of illness and looked for cures. The Hippocratic Oath is still used today for doctors because they promised that they will not harm their patient in any way. Euclid was a mathematician known as the “Father of Geometry”. He lived around 300 BC. Euclid wrote a book called Elements. Teachers used it for more than 2,000 years. He helped people understand the world around them with geometry. His findings are very important in architecture and construction. He figured out that if “two straight lines cut one another, the vertical or opposite, angles shall be equal” (Document 5). Also, he is famous for his theories on parts of life. His legacy is still being used in textbooks, construction, and daily life.

The Ancient Greeks created the first forms of government. One of those forms was aristocracy. Aristocracy is a form of government that the upper class people that have power to take decisions over civil and financial matters without the opinion of others. Those people are called aristocrats. The word aristocracy means best of the country. Cleisthenes was a Athenian statesman. He was an aristocrat who was banished from Athens. When tyranny disappeared, he changed the Athenian constitution. The second type of government is an oligarchy. An oligarchy is ruled by the few for the benefit of the few. Oligarchy is two different words in Greek, oligos, which means few and archo which means to rule. The downfall of having an...
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