Disproportionate ageing population report

Topics: Demography, Population, Aging Pages: 7 (1192 words) Published: May 12, 2015


A report for prepared for
ACBE100 Academic Communication in Business and Economics
Lecturer: My Truong

Prepared by: Catherine
Student ID: LIPED1501
Group 28

Date of submission: 07 May, 2015
Word Count: WORDS

Table of contents

Executive summary …..………………………………………………………………………..p3 1. Discussion of issues…………………………………………………………………...p3 1.1 Increased survival of the elderly………………………………………………………….p3 1.2 Decreased the fertility rate………………………………………………………………..p4 1.3 Regional immigration……………………………………………………………………….p4 2. Issue outcomes……………………………………………………………………………….p4 2.1 Shortage of health care…………………………………………………………………….p5 2.2 Quality of older people lives.................................................................................................p5 3. Recommendations…………………………………………………………………………….p5 3.1 Access to quality health care……………………………………………………………….p5 3.2 Enabling environments..........................................................................................................p5 4. References…………………………………………………………………………………….p6

Disproportionate ageing population report
Executive summary
This report investigates the disproportionate distribution due to an ageing population. In 2012, there are 810 million people who were 60 or over, which is accounted for 11.5 per cent of the population around the world(United Nations Population Fund 2012, p7). The ageing population has become a significant trend in the twenty-first century and attracted the attention of people all around the world. With the increasing age of the population, many governments and demographers are analyzing the current situation and devoting resources to improve it. This report examines the main causes of ageing population, the consequences of this issue and some conceivable countermeasures to respond to this problem. 1. Discussion of issues

Population ageing is a necessary consequence of the demographic transition. For instance, the levels of morality and fertility are becoming lower and lower(United Nations Population Fund 2002, P xiii). The development in medical fields is largely linked with the decreasing rates of mortality, which is recognized as the main factor to population ageing. The main causes of the ageing population are:

1.1 Increased survival of the elderly
As increasing the number of the elderly, the population average age becomes older. The increased longevity of life is accomplished in the twenty-first century through developments in medical technology, nutrition and education (United Nations Population Fund 2002, P xiii). Therefore, people in the twenty-first century can live longer and longer. Figure 1.1.1 Prophylactic implantable cardioverter–defibrillator treatment in the elderly: therapy, adverse events, and survival gain (Johannes, 2011)
Figure 2.1.1 shows that the cumulative incidence for mortality of 5 age groups during the follow-up years (Prophylactic implantable cardioverter–defibrillator treatment in the elderly: therapy, adverse events, and survival gain). During the follow-up, the highest incidences were discovered in the oldest patient group (i.e., 48%) as compared with patients aged 65-74 years (i.e., 34%) and patients who are less than 65 years old (i.e., 15%). These numbers demonstrates that the longevity of people contributes significantly to population ageing. 1.2 Decreased fertility rate

With the number of babies reduced due to the continuing decline in fertility, , generally the number of younger people also reduces(John, 2015). Along with increasing in longevity, it has been estimated that approximately 30% of the population will be 60 or over by 2050 (Population Division, 2012). The decrease in the fertility rate is a key reason for population ageing, because the ageing index is calculated that the number of youth generation whose age are 15 or lower...

References: RAND Corporation 2004, Low fertility and population ageing, Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options, viewed in 23 April 2015, < http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG206.html >
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and HelpAge International, London, Executive Summary Ageing in the Twenty-First Century: A Celebration and A Challenge, viewed in 23 April 2015, < http://www.helpage.org/download/506351dcc3988>
Johannes, 2011, Prophylactic implantable card overture–defibrillator treatment in the elderly: therapy, adverse events, and survival gain, viewed at 19 April 2015,
John, 2015, EP Europeans, Viewed at 01 April 2015, < http://europace.oxfordjournals.org/>
Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2002, Definition of the indicators of population ageing,
Population Division, 2013, World Fertility Report 2013: Fertility at the Extremes, viewed at 29 April 2015,
United Nations Population Fund and HelpAge International, Overview of Available Policies and
Legislation, Data and Research, and Institutional Arrangements Relating to Older Persons - Progress Since Madrid, viewed at 13 April, .
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