Early Greek and Roman Civilizations

Topics: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece Pages: 2 (558 words) Published: January 20, 2012
Early Greek and Roman Civilizations
Charles Inabnitt
American InterContinental University

The early Greek and Roman empires or civilizations shared a lot of similarities in geography for they both are Mediterranean countries. They had similar religions also. These are some of the cultural aspects that are compared and contrasted.

Early Greek and Roman Civilizations
The following are examples of cultural elements of comparison and contrast: geography, government, economy, art, philosophy, religion. Furthermore, the graph below will go into more detail in all of the subjects discussed above. | Greece| Roman|

Geography| Some of the Greek poleis or city states as they were called where naturally separated by the sea from the mainland. Now the mainland was very mountainous. | Geographically, Rome was built on seven hills on the east bank of the Tiber River. The lower lying areas were prone to flooding.| Government| Greek governments were divided in groups by the great Aristotle, and are still used today by historians, into monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies, and democracies.| Rome was ruled by kings at the beginning of their time. Then it became a republic with emperors of royal blood and a senate and an assembly.| Economy| The Greeks since their poleis where unreachable by land they were reached by sea. Thus in the early part of the history of Greece the main source of economy was through fishing and trading. Later led onto agriculture and the growing of wheat.| Romans where known for their trading and were also known for taking slaves from all of the wars that they had from the expansion of their empire. Therefore, the people of Rome had grown a custom to slave labor.| Art| The Greeks where known for the art form of perfecting the human body. They were known for sculptures and other famous art works known as ideal artistic form of art.| The Roman people were engineers. Concrete was one of the greatest inventions by the...

References: Miller, Lee, Patrick., Reeve, C.D.C. (2006). Introductory Readings in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. Indianapolis, Indiana: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc
Sayre, Henry. (2010). Discovering the Humanities. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Hall
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