Eastern & Western Philosophy Comparison

Topics: Gautama Buddha, Noble Eightfold Path, Buddhism Pages: 2 (769 words) Published: December 12, 2010
Siddhartha Gautama lived many different lifestyles which ultimately led to his ideas and beliefs on how to proper live without human suffering, selfish cravings, and being enslaved to individual desires and passions. He began life in a wealthy lifestyle, moved ahead to a life with a wife and child of his own, left his family to live a life of poverty so that he could understand the suffering he saw others living, and then onto six years of solitude once he realized neither riches or poverty was the way to live life. During all of these experiences Siddhartha Gautama was able to come to a middle ground on how life should be lived. According to Siddhartha Gautama, the most immediate causes of human suffering are ignorance, which closes the door to enlightenment, and selfish craving, which enslaves an individual to desires and passions. Siddhartha Gautama spent almost 50 years teaching ways to deal with suffering in the world. Siddhartha Gautama wrote the Eight Fold Path which he believed was the way to living proper. The Eight Fold Path includes the Right View, Right Aim, Right Action, Right Living, Right Mindfulness, and the Right Contemplation. The first two steps represent the mental outlook of an individual, the next four steps specify appropriate behavior to live by, and the final two steps pertain to the higher mental and spiritual qualities which are needed for total disattachment from self. Siddhartha Guatama found a way to live without suffering, selfish cravings, and not being enslaved to his individual desires and passions. Guatama lived what he learned from his experiences and he taught what he learned to others to try and end human suffering. Each step Guatama took to learn and teach helped others live more freely and backed up his ideas. St. Thomas Aquinas interpreted Aristotelian philosophy from a Christian perspective. St. Thomas Aquinas had the belief that no one can prove that a God exists. Aquinas said that it was known a square has four sides...
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