The Mediterranean world locates in the middle of Asia, Europe and Africa, a maritime space like sink, joked as ‘foot bath left by god’, breeding Christianity, Judaism, and Islam (Abulafia, 2011). Besides that, the Mediterranean world also nurtured the early phase of Mesopotamia culture and Egyptian culture, Aegean Civilization represented by the Crete Island, Megalith represented by Malta, and Phoenician civilization and Carthage civilization facing the sea (Burke, 2012). In addition, the ancient Greeks and ancient Roman who introduced democracy for future generations were born here as well. Not only the birthplace of Europe the ‘foot bath’ is, it is also the stage of a great amount of ancient civilizations. Due to the change of civilizations and technology, the area encompassing the ancient Mediterranean world was very different in 480AD than it had been in 6000BC, 3000BC, 1000BC, 480BC, 0, 314AD, or even 410AD, changes that Historians look at when studying the past. This brief paper focuses on introducing some prevalent changes in ancient Mediterranean world, finding a number of major ways the Mediterranean world change and the ways the ancient Mediterranean world remain the same in the economy, gender role, maritime, and even national boundaries. In various stages of historical economics such as Greece and the Roman Empire, the wide use of slave labor has been experienced dramatic changes. In classical Greece and Republican Roman, the expansion of slavery is the result of high real wages and low slave prices, while in later sectors of Roman, the high slave prices was replaced by either equilibrium price and wages level of slavery or the context of low wages and high prices of slaves (Scheidel, 2008). Scheidel in his excellent book introduced strong evidence to support this argument. In 1st century AD, the price of a real slave was equivalent to 2 tons of wheat, while in 3rd century AD, the price of a real slave increased to 5 tons of...
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