Graded Budhhism

Topics: Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, Theravada Pages: 5 (932 words) Published: July 9, 2013
Introduction to World Religions: Guided Reading Questions #7

1. Where is Wat Bovorn temple?
Tht Wat Bovom temple is near Khao San Road and is next to a canal and is one of the greenest and most peaceful temples in Bangkok.

2. What does Buddha mean?
Buddha means the "awakened one".

3. Summarize Siddhartha’s life before he left the palace building for the first time.

4. What are the Four Passing Signs?
5. What is the Great Going Forth?
6. What did Siddhartha do between the Great Going Forth and his moving to the Bodhi Tree? 7. What do the legends say he saw on the day of his Enlightenment? 8. Who became his first disciples?
9. How did Siddhartha die?
10. What are the Three Jewels?
The three jewels are thr Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha.

11. What does Dharma mean (in Buddhism)?
Dharma means the sum total of Buddhist teachings about how to view the world and how to live properly.

12. What does Sangha mean?
The Sangha is the community of monks and nuns.

13. Explain the Buddha’s teachings concerning change.
Buddha claims that life is always in motion and that everything changes everyday. We must get use to this change and realize it, thus using it to our advantage, instead of being suprised by change.

14. Explain the Buddha’s teachings concerning anatta.

15. Explain the Buddha’s teachings concerning dukkha.
Dukkha is the "dissatisfaction" of life. Dukkha includes the horrible suffering to everyday frustration that we face in life, including the times we are satisfied or happy.

16. What are the Four Noble Truths? List and briefly explain. 1. To Live is to suffer-
2.Suffering comes from desire-
3.To end Suffering, end desire-
4. Release from Suffering is Possible and can be attained by following the Noble Eightfold Path-

17. What is the Noble Eightfold Path? List them.
The Noble Eightfold Path are the eight "steps" that Buddha taught will lead us toward liberation from the impernance and suffering from reality. The steps are:
1.Right Understanding
2. Right Intention
3. Right Speech
4. Right Action
5. Right work
6. Right Effort
7. Right meditation
8. Right contemplation

Guided Reading Questions 8.
1. Explain ahimsa.
Ahisma means "do not harm", the purpose of ahisma is to be kind and non-violent towards all living things.

2. explain the candle flame analogy.

3. What is nirvana?
Nirvana is the existence beyond limitation. It is indescribable and beyond a ll psychological states, which is rarely attained in one's lifetime.

4. Who is Ashoka?
Ashoka was a king, around the time of 250 b.c.e. He changed his perspective on violence and became a believer of non-violence.

5. What are the three branches of Buddhism, according to Malloy, that survived?

6. What does Theravada mean?
Theravada means "the way of the elders".

7. what is arhat?
Arhat is a person who has reached Nirvana.

8. What is “Buddhist Lent”?
Buddhist Lent is where monks stay in their monasteries for study, usually begins in late summer and lasts for three months.

9. Explain “temporary ordination.”
Temporary ordination is an effective way to "make merit" for oneself and one's family. It is thought to positively influence the formation of young men's characters.

10. What are Jataka Tales?
Jataka Tales are the stories that tell about the previous lives of the Buddha, in both human and animal form.

11. What is Tripitaka?
Tripitaka are the various scriptures of Buddha's teachings. Tripitaka means "three baskets".

12. According to Molloy, why did the early Theravada Buddhists use many symbols?

Guided Reading Questions #9
1. What does Mahayana mean?
Mahayana means "big vehicle". In mayana, everyone can reach nirvana, not only monks.

2. How are the human body and the material realm viewed in Mahayana?

3. What is Karuna? How is it different from “Kindness”? 4. Who are the bodhisattvas?
5. What is trikaya? What are the...
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