Greece Essay

Topics: Ancient Greece, Greece, Homer Pages: 1 (694 words) Published: November 4, 2014

Gianna Simonetti December 2, 2012
Ms. Foiles
At its height, Greece set ongoing values in arts and architecture, literature, politics, philosophy, and sports that are still prominent today. Greece’s golden age lasted from 461-429 B.C. Democratic philosophies and classical culture thrived during Greece’s golden age.

The Greeks were known for their masterpieces sculptures and in architecture. The Greek arts and architecture was glorious. Pericles encouraged the advancements in art and even bought gold, ivory and marble to include in the art. The Greeks made very detailed sculptures and statues of the people they honored. The statues were usually made from marble. In architecture, the Greeks are famous for their columns. The columns were put on important buildings, like the Parthenon and the Acropolis. There are three types of columns; the Doric columns, the Ionic columns, and the Corinthian columns. Greek art prospered during the golden age.

The ancient Greeks made various contributions to the field of literature. They made innovations of poetry and created the genres of tragedies and comedies. One famous Greek poet was Homer, who lived around 750 B.C. Homer was the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. The Iliad and the Odyssey are famous Greek epics. The Iliad is the chief source of information about the Trojan War. The Odyssey tells of many struggles of the Greek hero Odysseus on his return home to his faithful wife, Penelope, after the war of Troy. The Iliad and the Odyssey reveal a lot about the values of the ancient Greeks. As the Greek world expanded after 750 B.C., the Greeks evolved unique version of the city-state, which they called polis. The population of each city-state was fairly small, which helped the citizens share a sense of responsibility for its triumphs and defeats. The ancient Greek government varied from a monarchy, an aristocracy, an oligarchy and a direct democracy. A monarchy has a king as a ruler, ruling is hereditary, there...
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