Greek Mythology

Topics: Greece, Ancient Greece, Greek alphabet Pages: 8 (3037 words) Published: September 1, 2013
Agwuncha, Kelechi
2/12/2013
ILASS II

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| Greek Mythology Research paper|

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology began in the fifth century B.C., and mainly involved the people of ancient Greece, who believed in myths about Gods, Goddesses, and heroes. Stories were passed down through all forms of entertainment, theater, and drama. The people of Greece worshipped numerous Gods, including Apollo, God of the Sun, who had a bow, and chariot to drive across the sky daily (borrowed from an earlier pre-Greek Sun god, Helios). Theatre played an important role in how performance and playwright was carried out to honor Dionysus, the ancient Greek god of harvest and wine. Sophocles was one of the most influential writers, who touch based on the three forms of play, which were tragedies, comedies, and satires. Men and women’s influence towards Greek culture, created a big impact in society, which had a main focus towards art, religion, slavery, language, and education in the form of military training in preparation for war. Everything in Greek Mythology somehow explained creation, and the world, the same reasons as any other religious group since the beginning of civilization they saw God as, basic religious and social truths. Greek Mythology reference to all in that time period was created with legends to try to make sense of that little that was understood of the world. Apollo

Apollo is referenced as several noteworthy definitions, including a series of manned US spacecraft designed to explore the moon and surrounding space. NASA’s Apollo 11 pace flight landed the first humans on Earth's Moon. Apollo, as a Greek god was important in our society today in belief. According to Pantheon and Encyclopedia Mythica Apollo was born on the island of Delos in Greece to supreme and overruling god Zeus, and Leto, believed goddess of motherhood, protectress of the young, modesty and womanly demure. Zeus’s wife, Hera became jealous and exiled her from all land of the earth, and she later gave birth to Apollo and his twin sister Artemis, Goddesses of wilderness, hunting, and wild animals on the island of Delos, in the Aegean Sea, off the southern coast of Crete. The goddess Themis assisted in raising them by feeding them ambrosia, the sacred nectar of the gods. Apollo was born by Zeus and Leto on the Greek island of Delos and lived on Mount Olympus. He had three notable relationships with the Nymphs Cyrene and Daphne and the mortal Coronis, resulting in four children. The Gods of Greece stated Apollo’s reason, nobility, form, action, apprehension, and beauty were his essential attributes. Apollo was a handsome, strong and youthful god with impressive golden hair. According to Greek-gods.info Apollo was the Greek god of the Music, and invented the lute, but he was more popular for playing the lyre, which was invented by Hermes, the messenger of the gods. Apollo excelled in important musical contests, competing against Greek god Hermes and the Satyr Pan as well as other gods. Apollo like his father sought out many wives, including nymphs, and adolescents, leading to dozens of relationships, and children. The Python of Delphi, which was sent by Hera to chase Leto out of all lands, was a deadly creature within the body of a snake. As a strong boy, Apollo was only a few days old when he given a bow and arrows by the blacksmith Hephaestus. This gave him an opportunity to avenge his past, by killing the Python. Apollo killed the Python with one arrow to the head as it lunged at him. The death of the Python, led him to joy and happiness, in singing a song of victory, allowing him to become the God of Music. Although his avengement of the Python was a crime as a God, he was given the duty of instituting the Pythian Game (athletic and musical Olympics) for cleansing which took place every four years in honor of him. Playwright/Drama

Sophocles played a major role in the creation of Greek tragedy in playwright. Sophocles wrote over 120 plays,...

Bibliography: Huffington, A. S., & Beny, R. (1983). Apollo. The gods of Greece (pp. 53-67). New York: Abrams
The book The Gods of Greece was about the Greek gods, and how they were portrayed as natural, concrete, and worldly in their divinity, entering the lives of the people who worshipped them, and had the outmost flaws, conflict, and failings less than their joys and accomplishments. The book gave a greater understanding of the Greek people at the time and their world. The Gods and goddesses in the book are represented as statues and reliefs in marble, stone, and bronze, revealing unexpected beauty and mystery, toward the Greek celebration of their idol. From the book, information about Apollo was collected, about him being described as an embodiment of the Western ideal of beauty and form in it classical perfection. As the God of music and prophecy, archery, and heroic excellence, Apollo embodied the foundation of the Greek civilization. The book’s Apollo chapter mainly entails the union of Dionysus and Apollo as an eternal bond, because off their importance for imagination, intuition, inspiration, and enthusiasm.
Bloom, H. (1990). Fate in Sophocles.Sophocles (pp. 127-136) New York: Chelsea House Publishers.
The novel Sophocles, by Harold Bloom brings together a representative selection of the best modern critical views of Sophocles. The novel, describes, all of Sophocles eight remaining plays, which all resemble a powerful portrayal of some irresolvable moral dilemma. The Ajax, Antigone, Poetics, Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus, Orestia, and Elektra are compared on how well their centered towards the Gods is remote in human character and human choices to acquire a greater significance. Most of the stories had a tragic hero, who existed by blocking out or delaminating the framework of human existence. The plays critical views all connected with human limits, and what Sophocles made clear of what they can achieve within those limits. The Fate in Sophocles described his belief in the operative power of the characters, using vague feeling about destiny. Questions like “Why does a man suffer?, Why does he fall from the height of prosperity into the pit of disaster?”, were given possibilities as to why the characters were bound to have evil befall them.
Greece Culture and Society. (n.d.). World Map. Retrieved February 7, 2013, from http://www.mapsofworld.com/greece/culture-and-society/
Maps of the world is a website that explains the culture of countries and regions, while offering customers to buy a map. The website provides facts, sports, holidays, geography, and information about the education system, at the period, or during its historical time. While providing tourist destinations, the site also lists major cities and their historical locations that may have played a significant role in impacting the countries society and culture. Maps of the world entail the relation of ancient fashion to today, to how they were placed in terms of class. The Greek cuisine’s reflection of their cooking and health conscious diet was related to the typical meals eaten today in Greece. The lifestyle of the people was influenced by diverse traditions and practices that affected the culture of the lands, and later the society in diversity. Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey had a great impact in Greek Literature, and were noted as immense resources with affluence, has influenced towards the history of World Literature.
Nardo, D. (1995). Chaper 9. Greek and Roman theater (pp. 89-97). San Diego, CA: Lucent Books.
The book explains important dates in the history of Greek and Roman Theater. Theatrical tragedies, of the Golden age of Greece Drama were Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euriphdes, who brought the tragic art to the level of literature in understanding. To get the message across a trilogy or series of three related plays were written to broaden the scope. Details of evolution and impact of a concept on justice, greed, or fate were typically shown with a repeating pattern of revenge and murder. Greek comedies were not as important as other forms of theater, but were pleasant to comic relief. Comedies mimicked serious Greek religious rituals with humorous indecent aspects. The start of classical theater portrays the earliest versions of acting, eventually developed into theater for play production and staging areas for religious ceremonies and productions. Many classical Greeks cultural and religious practices were tied to the Minoan times. In theatrical areas seriousness also took a part in formal dancing and singing to honor the gods.
How did the Ancient Greeks impact modern Western society? - Curiosity. (n.d.). Curiosity : Discovery Channel. Retrieved February 7, 2013, from http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/ancient-greeks-impact-western-society
Curiosity is a show on the Discovery Channel, where each episode focuses on one question in science, technology, and society. The website is an expert question and answer site where experts and scholars tried to answer some of life 's most profound questions. On the Curiosity website answers to questions on mysteries in fields like space, biology, geology, medicine, physics, technology, nature, archaeology, history, and the human mind are answered by notable professors, authors, filmmakers, and more. “How did the Ancient Greeks impact our modern Western society?” is the question answered by the Science Channel. Greeks cultural influence in Greek society inspired achievements that shaped the foundation of Western civilization. Greeks in the fifth century B.C. came up with theories about the planets and their movements, but they did not subject them to tests and experiments. They built the base and foundation for many theories that lead us to scientific discoveries, towards the Universe.
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