Greek political thought
|Introduction | |Most of the modern political institutions and values are grateful to the Ancient Greek’s political thought. Issues such as | |justice, liberty, constitutional government, respect for law, democracy, property, assembly, government all are dealt, in this | |or that way, during the Ancient time by different political philosophers. These issues were dealt on the basis of political | |institutions limited with the scope of the city-state. The Greek city-state was as important to the Ancient man as nation-state | |for a modern man. But the problems of city-state were different from the ones going on in modern state. Although the problems | |and the way that different thought were formulated in solving these problems were different there is a similarity between two | |times in emphasizing these conceptions. Beginning from the Ancient time up to the modern times the issues mentioned above have | |been dealt by different thinkers. The meaning of such terms has been modified and understood according to the social and | |political conditions of different periods. In order to understand these concepts better one necessarily needs to elaborate their| |roots that have been understood differently from period to period. This week the concern of our lecture will be to remark some | |basic political and social institutions of Ancient Greek and their features. | | | |Eastern Thought In General | |Indeed, Eastern thought was in character authoritarian. As it is well known in Hamurabi of Babylon the kinship was formulated as| |a godly authority. The laws of Hamurabi were accepted as the law of God, to be obeyed without questioning. According to the | |Ancient Chines thought the ultimate authority must be that of powerful kinship so that he could establish a universal Confucian | |orthodoxy. Similarly, Indian political thought put the state not under the service of human as citizens, but under the service | |of God according to Budhist belief (Wayper 1-2). | |Eastern thought has naturally a pre-given acceptance of the reality mainly based on the value of the religious dogmas. Both in | |India, China, Persian or other Eastern political thought at that time, there was a God at the higher rank and the political | |authorities in world were under the service of that authority. As an upshot of that a priorily given understanding of cosmos, a | |collective culture has developed. This kind of culture stimulate man not to quest but to obey, not to understand mentally, but | |to feel by heart, not to seek for a better alternative but to maintain as satisfied with what was given. | | | | | |The Features of Greek Thought in General | |However, the basic characteristics of the Ancient Greek was to understand what was, and how it was created. The philosophers of | |that time questioned the available knowledge on realty and seek to find a satisfied answer to their intellectual interest. | |Thales, Anaximander, Pythagoras, Heraklitus, Parmanides were some of the philosophers wondered about the creation of universe | |and life. These philosophers took...
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