There are many different religions that affected people’s lives. Two of these religions are Hinduism and Buddhism. These religions including all other religions reflect the beliefs and culture of that society.
Hinduism is the religion of the Aryans. (Aryan means noble people) Hinduism teaches monism. Monism is the belief in the unity of god and creation. It also teaches that the whole world is an illusion called Maya. Rejecting Maya is the way for one to gain salvation. One of the problems is that it takes years for one to reject Maya. This was not a problem because they believed in reincarnation. (Rebirth) The Hindus believe that no soul ever dies. When a person dies their soul just transfers to another body. (Could be animal or human) In Hinduism, there are two major principles. They are dharma and karma. Dharma is ones moral duty and karma is the good or bad force formed by a person’s actions. If one fulfills his dharma, he will have good karma, which will allow him to be reincarnated into a higher caste.
Siddhartha Gautama founded Buddhism. (AKA Buddha) Instead of ceremonies, he taught ethics. (Ethics is a code of morals and conduct) Because he felt to desire causes suffering he made it known how important selflessness is. He believed and taught that salvation comes from knowing the Four Noble Truths and going the way of the Eightfold Path.
Hinduism and Buddhism share some beliefs. For example, reincarnation. They both believed that one will be reborn and if they did well in their previous life, they will have a better life in their new life. One of their differences would be the caste system. The Hindus had a caste system were the only way to move higher is to fulfill your dharma and be reincarnated into a higher caste. Buddha felt that the caste system was meaningless. It did not matter what caste you are in; any person can reach nirvana. In addition, Buddha taught that the Hindu’s Vedas (sacred writings) was not sacred.
Certain animals are sacred...
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