Hinduism vs Buddhism

Topics: Buddhism, Hinduism, Gautama Buddha Pages: 2 (793 words) Published: October 30, 2014
History 101 Midterm 11/4/2014 5a. Attempt a comparative analysis of Hinduism and Buddhism with specific reference to their origins, beliefs and practices. Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, of the Indian subcontinent, and consists of many diverse traditions. It includes Shaivism, Vaishnavism and Shaktism among numerous other traditions, and a wide spectrum of laws and prescriptions of daily morality based on karma, dharma and societal norms. Hinduism is a categorization of distinct intellectual or philosophical points of view, rather than a rigid, common set of beliefs. Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners refer to it as Sanatana Dharma, the eternal law or the eternal way beyond human origins. It prescribes the eternal duties, such as honesty, mercy, purity, self-restraint, among others. Hindu emerged around the beginning of the Common Era, and co-existed for several centuries with Buddhism, to finally gain the upper hand in most royal circles during the 8th century CE. Hinduism has re-asserted itself as a coherent and independent tradition. The popular understanding of Hinduism has been dominated by Hindu modernization in which mysticism and the unity of Hinduism have been emphasized. Hindu practices include daily rituals such as (worship) and recitations, annual festivals, and occasional pilgrimages.. Hinduism, with about one billion followers is the worlds third largest religion, after Christianity and Islam. Hinduism believes in idol worship, reincarnation, karma, dharma and moksha. Some moral ideals in Hinduism include non-violence, truthfulness, friendship, compassion, fortitude, self-control, purity and generosity. Human life is divided into four stages, and there are defined rites and rituals for each stage from birth till death. Hinduism grants absolute and complete freedom of belief and worship. Hinduism conceives the whole world as a single family that deifies the one truth, and therefore...
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