Indian civilization is more than 6,000 years old. Its culture produced Hinduism and Buddhism and influenced philosophical thinking. Ideas about cycles of life and acceptance of diversity are only a part of the Indian contribution to the world. All of this is true, however there is much more to the Indian civilization. Besides producing religions, philosophies, and ideas, the Indian civilization also influenced the world in many ways.
Hinduism was established before Buddhism, however reform movements were starting to appear lead by people such as Siddhartha Gautama, who later became known as Buddha. He created the religion based on his teachings and it spread throughout the world; with this spread of Buddhism, Indian culture also began to spread. India was a very powerful civilization, Alexander the Great and his successors weren’t even able to conquer it, and with this powerful, long-lasting civilization, India created many philosophies. Some of the influence for the Indian civilization’s philosophies and ideas are believed to possibly have come from neighboring civilizations such as the Greeks or areas in the Middle East and Africa. Either way, the Indian’s were very influential. The Upanishads were one hundred eight philosophical texts that reflected old wisdom. These were passed down generations orally. Schopenhauer, a European philosopher, even said, “there is no study as beneficial and as elevating as the Upanishads.” Besides the Upanishads, the Indian philosophy has three central tenets of the Indian way of thinking: assimilation, belief in cycles, and acceptance of the coexistence of opposites. Besides philosophies and religion, the Indians contributed much more to the world. Indian concepts influenced Greek thinking, and Arabs translated many Indian works into Arabic and spread them across Europe. The Indian civilization also changed the world as we know it today by creating zero-no one else at the time had an equivalent to zero in their...
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