Hisotry

Topics: India, Hinduism, Gautama Buddha Pages: 16 (2282 words) Published: November 20, 2013
India- Indus River settlements 3000 B.C
Aryans invade- language group, not a race incent caste system-4 major economic group Modern-Day India
-Bollywood
-Fashion style
-Cuisine
-Poverty
-2nd largest population
-Hinduism, Buddhism
-Gandhi, Mother Teresa, Buddha
-Modern day government-parliamentary system
-W/a prime minister
Hinduism- world’s oldest religion
-Comes from Aryans
-Caste system
-Reincarnation
-Dharma-divine law
-Karma
-Yoga
Polytheistic- 3 main Gods
-Brahma-Creator
-Vishnu-preserver
-Siva-destroyer
Buddhism- Originated in India
Is a philosophy not a religion
Siddhartha Gautama-founder
Buddha- the enlightened one
1)Life is full of suffering
2)Suffering is caused by our attachment to worldly things
3)Be more others-centered
4)Follow 8 fold path
Siddhartha rejects caste system believes in reincarnation
The Land of India
110 languages
1,000 dialects
Indian subcontinent shaped like a triangle hanging from the southern ridge of Asia •Himalaya
Ganges River
Deccan
Monsoon- seasonal wind pattern in southern Asia
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
35,000 inhabitants-Harappa
35,000-40,000- Mohjeno Daro
Broad streets ran in north to south direction
Crossed streets ran from east to west
Large walled neighborhoods
Constructed of mud bricks
Rulers and the Economy
Royal palace and holy temple were together
Harrapan community based on farming
Indus River Provided
-Rich soil
-Barley
-Peas
-The chief crops
The Arrival of the Aryans
1500B.C
Nomadic people
Moved south across Hindu Kush
We’re not race or ethnic group
Part of a larger group
Referred to Indo-Europeans
Ways of life
-Pastoral people as
-Strong warrior people
-Creation of iron plow, along with irrigation
Basic Crops
-Wheat
-Barley
-Millet
-Rice was common crop
Sanskrit
Raja-Prince
India’s Social System
Caste System
Divided into 4 major classes called Varna’s
1.Brahmans- priestly class
2.Kshatriyas- warriors
3.Vaisyas-commoners
4.Varna’s or Sudras- made up most of India’s population 5.Untouchables
Family Life
Males could only inherit property
Women were not allowed to be priests
Only males were educated
Upper class men were not supposed to marry until completed 12 years of marriage •Men could have a second wife is the first one cant have a child •Kids were expected to take care of parents
Hinduism
Ultimate god Brahman
Duty f individual self called atman
Reincarnation is the belief of reborn
Karma
Yoga
Vishnu the preserver
Siva the destroyer
Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama
Ascetics- People who practiced self-denial to achieve an understanding •Nirvana ultimate reality the end of the self and a reunion with the Great world Soul

Modern Day China
Peoples republic of char size 1949
Most populous country with 13 billion people
2nd biggest economy in world, #1 equator
150 million people live on less than $1.25 a day
Horrible working conditions and factories
Population policy
-Good is 1 child per family
-No longer have forced abortions or stimulations but still passive from great and high taxes -Sex,seductive, abortion abundant of
Human rights violations
- immanent saguaro masticate 1989
Highest rate f capitol
Lowest # of people who call themselves religious
The Quin Dynasty
221-206 B.C
Quin Shihuangdi”the first Quin Emporer
Legalism began- those who opposed were punished
Centralizes bureaucracy was decided into three parts
Censorate had inspectors who checked on government officials to make sure they were doing their jobs •Below central government were provinces and counties
Created a simple monetary system
Capital Xian yang
Build Great Wall of China
The Han Dynasty
202-220 B.C
Liu Bang- Founder
Harsh Policies- Confucianism, Legalism, and other principles •Still used Quin Government
Population...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Hisotry Exam 1 Essay
  • Evaluate the Role of Bismarck in German Hisotry Essay
  • world Hisotry DBQ on post-classical period Essay
  • US Hisotry Unit 7 study guide Essay
  • Hisotry Unit 3 Ww2 Study Notes Essay
  • How American Hisotry X Relates to Political Science Text Think American Government Essay
  • Women at work ww1 Essay
  • Christopher Columbus Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free