Historically, human trafficking has been defined as trade in human, prostitution, for something valuable. Human trafficking affects virtually every country in the world. This crime is not just occurring in foreign countries, it is happening in the United States as well. Victims of human trafficking have difficulties receiving support due to law enforcement agencies struggle in preventing the crime, very hard crime to control. Trafficking has set out to targets certain victims, such as runaways and young children. There are many services and treatment programs for victims of human trafficking. Most of these services are designed to help victim reintegrate back into society. Human trafficking has been associated and formed by criminal organizations, local gangs, and governmental corruption. The U.S State Department have estimated that 600,000 to 800,000 are trafficked annually into the United States each year and half of these victims are younger than eighteen years old. According to the U.S State Department, “eighty percent of international trafficked victims are females.” Worldwide 12.3 million people are forced in labor, bonded labor, forced child labor, sexual servitude, and involuntary servitude. There are many stereotype that depicts the victim of human trafficking as innocent young girls, who are kidnapped from their home country and forced into the sex industry. In reality, Men, Women, and children of all ages can become victims of human trafficking. Victims are mostly trafficked into the United States from other countries or maybe citizens in the United States who are worried about make a living to support themselves and their families.
The U.S Congress established and classified human trafficking into two classifications, sex trafficking and labor trafficking. Sex trafficking involves the employment, sheltering, transportation, or obtaining of a person through a commercial sex act. A commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion in which the persons performing such behaviors are younger than eighteen. Type of sex trafficking includes prostitution, pornography, stripping, and live sex shows. Labor trafficking situations are local servitudes, such as, restaurant, janitorial, sweatshop, construction, and peddling work. According to the U.S department of state, “seventy percent of people are trafficked into the sex industry and thirty percent are trafficked into the labor force”. Criminal Organizations mostly target women as victims of human trafficking. Women and children are usually the most at risk to human trafficking. The U.S Department of justice has estimated that 450,000 children runaway each year and that third will be lured into prostitution within 48 hours of leaving home. I feel that traffickers target runaways and homeless children because they are the easiest targets. These children have nowhere and nobody to look up to for comfort and support. Their parents did not care about them or were financially unable to support them so they ran away. Runways and homeless children make up eighty percent of human trafficking. Runways are usually young children who do not have the money to support their self and live on their own. So they are easy prey for traffickers to manipulate into working for cheap or selling their body, in exchange for a roof over their head and food. Trafficking humans for forced labor is $32 billion dollar global industry. It is vast, yet invisible to most people including law enforcement agencies. Regardless of immigration status or citizenship certain commonalities still exist among victims of trafficking, such as their vulnerability to force. Traffickers take control over the poor, young children, uneducated, unemployed, and people the lack family support. Traffickers know victims with these physical or mental characteristic will less likely try to escape or report them to law enforcement....
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