human trafficking in asean

Topics: Human trafficking, Illegal immigration, Prostitution Pages: 6 (2142 words) Published: July 25, 2014


Seminar Nakatsuji
2000 words essay
Due date May.8th 2014
Mai Anh Nguyen

The Problem of Trafficking In Person in South East Asia
Ritsumeikan University
College or International Relations
Global Studies major
Mai Anh Nguyen
Word count: 2027
According to the 2006 UN office of Drugs and Crime report entitled “Trafficking in Persons:Global Patterns “ and the 2000 UN Conversation Against Transnational Organized Crime, “trafficking in persons ” is the recruitment, transportation, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the thread or use of force or other forms of coercion, or abduction, or fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Trafficking on person is a violation of human rights and it should be eliminated from the world. The United Nation was one of the first actors to call for recognition of the problem internationally. In December 2000, some eighty countries signed the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons. In 2003, the UN started to call to countries for measurements against trafficking in person with the protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in persons also known as the Palermo Protocol 2003. 11 years have passed and now 23 out of 27 countries agreed on this have the counterplans on their own. Countries and organizations have been dealing with trafficking in persons as a transnational problem also, as in many cases it required international cooperation. For what reasons this problem comparatively focusing on small groups keeps receiving attentions? Firstly to mention is that it seems nearly impossible to solve the problem’s grassroots. Trafficking in persons exists since long ago, of which it happened in high frequency in 1980s. At this period the control of people coming and going between countries by the government was not precise as now that there were many cases children and women were kidnaped and taken away to another country. The idea of trafficking on person is actually not a trick hard to come up with, and if only the course was insured it made a lot of money. Trafficking exits because the profit in the trafficking industry provides a major source of income for the crime rings. Human trafficking generates huge profits and is now the third most profitable criminal activity after illegal drugs and arms dealing. Sex trafficking is the fastest growing business of organized crime with an estimated revenue of $32 billion every year. Of that number, $15.5 billion is made in industrialized countries. On the other hand it is a market-driven criminal industry that is based on the principles of supply and demand. Human trafficking is fueled by a demand for cheap labor or services, or for commercial sex acts. To ultimately solve the problem of human trafficking, it is essential to address these demand-driven factors, as well as to alter the overall market incentives of high-profit and low-risk that traffickers currently exploit. When individuals are willing to buy commercial sex, they create a market and make it profitable for traffickers to sexually exploit woman. When consumers are willing to buy goods and services from industries that rely on forced labor, they create a profit incentive for labor traffickers to maximize revenue with minimal production costs.

Trafficking in person is sometimes realized with a promise taking the form of contract between person and person. As far as the contract is not official it makes it very difficult for the government or an organization to confirm the reality, what more, the case happens secretly oversea. The second reason is because trafficking in person is hard to prevent and for the criminals’ side it is so convenient they could carry it on once they successfully obtained the target. The...

Bibliography: Stop Violence Against Women. (2003). Retrieved 3 30, 2014, from Univeristy of Minnesota ; Human Rights library: http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/svaw/trafficking/explore/3factors.htm
Trafficking in Person Report 2011. (2011). Retrieved 3 20, 2014, from US Department of State: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/210742.pdf
Yun, J. (2011). Trafficking in Persons in East Asia and the Pacific. Washinton, DC: Breau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs.
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