Research Paper [Human Trafficking: Nepal]
“Human Trafficking is the modern term for a phenomenon- that of forcing and transporting people into slavery- which has been a part of civilization since the beginning of human history. Slavery and the traffic in slaves have continues into the present day” (Bales 126). Human trafficking is something that is affecting the whole world, but the country of Nepal is one of the countries that is being affected the most. Nepal’s population is estimated to 29.3 million habitants and out of the 29 million 12.7 are women. There are many purposes for human trafficking; forced labor, slavery, removal of organs and sex slavery. Sexual exploitation, or sex trafficking, which is the focus of this paper is the main type of trafficking in the country of Nepal. Many of these women who become involved in the sex world are compelled by economic circumstances and social inequality. While some enter sex work voluntarily, others become involved in sex work by force or deception, such as through sex trafficking. human trafficking violates these very rights that are supposed to be granted.
Nepal is considered a country of origin, meaning it is the country where women and children are mainly abducted and taken to other countries where they are sold as sex slaves. Nepal is a country with one of the lowest human development indicators, which increases the vulnerability of the young girls to trafficking and sexual abuse. Women and children, the primary victims of sex slavery, continue to be forced into a variety of sexual activities including prostitution, pornography, stripping, mail-order brides, and sex tourism, all of which can occur in public or private locations. The majority of the Nepalese women and children that are sold as sex slaves are sold by a family member or close friend. They are mostly smuggled into India’s and Shanghai’s red light district, and to brothels in other urban cities. In the Middle East, they are exploited to work at parlor and dance bars. In many cases, older women are known to recruit young girls, promising them a better future where they can break free from the poverty in which they live in (Bales 142). Tsukris is what young Nepalese girls from the age of 14-16 are called when they are sold to the brothels. While many girls are forced or deceived into prostitution, many willingly go into the sex industry due to their addiction to drugs, while others are in search of a better future, not only for themselves but also for their families that live with impecuniousness conditions. Also, those that do not volunteer to become trafficked are physically forced into labor, most likely sold by parents for the purpose of working off family debts to the government or organized crime groups, which exhibits no exercise of choice. A huge portion of the population lives below the poverty line; 82% of the country lives with less than US$2 per day. Economic circumstance and social inequality are the strongest factors that compel women to become involved in the industry. Another factor that contributes to this industry is the balance supply of victims from sending countries and the demand from receiving countries; these countries are the one creating such unethical demands. The United Nations defines human trafficking as:
...the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by
means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud,
of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of giving or
receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having
control over another person for the purposes of exploitation. Exploitation shall
include, at a minimum, the exploitation or the prostitution of others or other forms
of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to
slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. (United Nations 2). Forcing or using...
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