Human trafficking has been a part of our world ever since the first great cities in the ancient times were constructed. Human trafficking is the illegal trade of human beings, who are most commonly used for commercial sex or forced labor. In the twenty first century human trafficking has also had an explosion of trafficking humans for the sole purpose of extracting the victims bodily tissues and vital organs, becoming a forced organ donor. In the book Human Trafficking, by managing editor Elizabeth Des Chenes are over thirty professional essays and articles about human trafficking around the globe. This book being comprised of authors from around the world describing the damaging effects of human trafficking in their home countries, is a clear statement of how human trafficking is a global issue that affects the world, and is a growing issue in America no matter how hard we combat the issue.
In her first three professional essays in her book Chenes makes it perfectly clear that human trafficking is a global issue that resides in every country. In the first essay “Europe Is Plagued By Human Trafficking” by Amanda Price describes how human trafficking is a Pan- European issue, with several hundreds of thousands of people being trafficked into or within the countries that make up the European Union. Price describes how European law enforcement officials are focused on bringing more perpetrators to trial but many victims are afraid to testify for fear of being deported; therefore, cases are difficult to prove. From this we can draw that human trafficking is a noticed issue in Europe that is trying to be resolved, but when people fear for their lives and refuse to cooperate than the issue will never be resolved. The second essay “The Philippines Is A Center For Human Trafficking” by Girlie Linao, Linao explains that many young filipino men and women are recruited from impoverished areas in the provinces and trafficked to Manila, the Philippines capital, then forced into labour camps or prostitution overseas. The Philippine government’s deployment of Filipino workers around the world as domestic workers leaves women and children particularly vulnerable. The third essay in the first chapter by Lowana Veal, “Iceland Addresses Its Human Trafficking Situation” reveals that human trafficking is such an issue that we can find it in the most remote regions of the world. Veal states, Iceland had its first conviction for human trafficking in March, 2010, waking many Icelanders up to the fact that the crime was being practiced in their country. Activists charge that the governments is at fault for not taking the issue seriously, and they hope for more stringent anti-trafficking laws and effective outreach programs to identify victims.
Chenes next four selection of professional essays bring the most suspected countries of human trafficking into view and one country that is very close to America’s heart suffering from the same issues. “Zimbabwe Is A Major Route For Human Trafficking” by Paidamoyo Muzulu describes how Zimbabwe has become one of the major routes for human trafficking in South Africa because of the countries lax enforcement on the problem and legal loopholes when perpetrators are caught. The problem is compounded by the fact that there are few reliable statistics on human trafficking in the region. When looking at this situation it is sad to see that the laws of a country harbor perpetrators from the very same laws meant to protect people. Alexandra Scherle’s essay “Bosnia Has A Growing Human Trafficking Crisis” describes a new trend in Bosnia is organized crime going after girls as young as twelve to force them into prostitution and pornography. Local politicians and law enforcement officials may be complicit or in other words “involved” in the crimes. Leaving the victims with no one to reach out to for help. Scherle says womens organizations are working to address the problems by advocating with the...
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