1. The typical U.S. employee works in an establishment with about 600 full-time and 72 part-time workers. It is also true that the median numbers for full- and part-time workers are 50 and 2. Explain this apparent paradox.
2. Why are small companies important to our economy? What are the major problems faced by small companies?
3. Give some examples of how organizations can affect the cities in which they are based.
4. How can internal organizational changes affect the social structure of the organization? How can managers minimize the negative aspects of change in order to preserve the social structure?
5. Explain the differences between horizontal and vertical differentiation. Give examples to support your explanation.
6. Describe the contributions to the theory of organizational structure by Peter Blau. Reveal how Argyris and Aldrich (1972) criticized Blau's research data relating to organizational size and structure.
7. Write an essay on one key insight of institutional theory which produces evidence that "national culture" affects how organizations are structured. Explain how this phenomena are amplified in multinational organizations.
8. Summarize the theorists' arguments concerning the practical institutional theories of (1) functional, (2) product, and (3) matrix forms of organization. Produce a graph of each of these forms of organization.
9. Go online tohttp://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Ob-Or/Organizational-Structure.html#b and explain what you found as it relates to the principles in this Module. 10. In creating formal structure, debates have been enjoined over the processes involved. Taking internal organizational politics as an example, outline some of the findings Child (1972), Robert Michels (1949), and other researchers have found when comparing American to French or German organizations. Explain the concept of "equifinality" by using two Internet references.
11. Organizations have been defined as “systems of power.” Explain what this means.
12. Define where leaders get their power and how they keep it or lose it when there are shifts in power.
13. Discuss Weber’s Typology of Authority. Go online to this site in order to compare and contrast Weber's three power sources against others' ideas: http://www.cf.ac.uk/socsi/undergraduate/introsoc/weber11.html. Write your own opinion on Weber's theory.
14. Bacharach and Lawler identify a number of different ways in which actors come to control power resources. Describe power resources and give details and explanations of their research. In what ways are power resources practically worked out in an organization?
15. Define the outcomes of power: (a) compliance and involvement, and (b) conflict. Detail at least three key bases of conflict and how this might impact the company you work for or one you previously worked for.
16. Gary Yukl (2002), Wall, and Lepsinger identified fourteen separate leadership functions. List each separately and describe these functions. Focus on three of them that appear to be the most important in terms of producing leadership success that would be able to help you from a career perspective. Explain your reasoning.
17. Research suggests that leaders who are more interpersonally-oriented and those who use more participative styles in particular, have followers with higher levels of satisfaction and morale. Is this true or false and what makes this the case in your opinion?
18. Review three general factors that have been the focus of researchers' attention regarding who becomes defined as a leader. Search the Internet for "organization leadership". Report on what you find and cite your reference with the complete link.
19. Describe the “big five” personality characteristics given in this Module. Does the possession of these characteristics necessarily guarantee leadership effectiveness? Why or why not?
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