Prostitution is called the world’s oldest profession for a reason. It has always been with us and always will be. If it is always going to be part of society as a whole, across the world than alternatives to improve the safety, wellbeing and society as a whole, and to reduce the impact that it has on the Criminal Justice System as an entirety. Throughout this paper the views on reducing the impact, effect, benefits, and consequences of legalizing brothel houses and trying to eliminate street prostitutes will be supported. Impact on Criminal Justice System
The impact that prostitution has within the Criminal Justice System has stemmed from various sources. First, one of the more prevalent impacts is violence towards prostitutes. Growing research evidence debates about violence against women rarely include the experience of prostitutes. “Yet research demonstrates that street workers experience high levels of violence in the course of their work.” (Selby & Carter, 2009, p. 13). This violence against the prostitutes has escalated to the point that it has turned to fatal, also a high number of missing prostitutes. Data produced by statistics Canada reveals that 63 prostitutes were murdered in Canada from 1991 to 1995, of which 60 were female and 7 were less than 18 years of age. (Department of Justice Canada, see, Duchesne, 1997; Wolff and Geissel, 1993 Lowman, 1997) During research in regards to the impact it has on the Criminal Justice System, unfortunately in some ways the actual number will never be true, although the acts of violence are still happening. There are a lot of crimes against prostitutes that go unpunished, for various reasons. These reasons vary from the prostitutes not finding safety within the police service as they feel that their complaints are invalid and unacceptable. They have a thought perception that the police have an attitude that they get what they deserve and that it should be expected when putting yourself in that situation. As well prostitution is illegal, so confessing to violence while committing a crime would only worsen the situation for the street worker. The crimes that do affect the Criminal Justice System are unfortunately usually the fatal situations. As stated earlier in four years from 1991 to 1995, 63 prostitutes were murdered; if these prostitutes had a safe haven, such as a legal brothel house to outlet their profession these numbers could be substantially lowered. “Societal attitude concerning prostitutes are often that they are open to rape, do not suffer physical attack, deserve the violence inflicted upon them, violence is part of the job of a sex worker, prostitutes deserve to be sexually abused, or no harm is done when prostitutes are hurt or killed.” (Youngs, Iannou, Maria & Canter, 2009, page 2) Legalizing Prostitution would create a safe environment for the prostitutes in order to keep them from being harmed and abused. of being abused. Legal brothels would provide an environment no different than any other workplace, with Labour and Relations is involved and a Code of Ethics is followed. Eliminating the danger of the unknown would greatly decrease the crime rate. “Sex workers should be entitled to the free choice of work, the right to safe working conditions, the right to be protected from violence and abuse, the right to organise, or indeed any of the commonly accepted labour and human rights.” (Youngs, Iannou, Maria & Canter, 2009, page 104) Secondly, impacts that imply on the Justice System are reducing the amount of “pimps”. The pimp-prostitute relationship can be very abusive and possessive. Researching the impact that prostitutes have suffered through from the hands of their pimp are; forced drug use on the prostitute, psychological intimidation, manipulation, starvation, rape and/or gang rape, beating, confinement and physical abuse. They treat the prostitutes as a money making asset rather than a human being. All of the...
References: Parker, J (1998-2004), http://www.prostitutionresearch.com/parker-how.html
Youngs, D, Iannou, M, Canter, D (2009) Safer Sex in the City: The Experience and Management of Street Prostitution
Selby, H & Carter, D, (2009), Safer Sex in the City: The Experience and Management of Street Prostitution
Duchesne, Wolff and Geissl, (1997, Department of Justice Canada, http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection-R/Statcan/85-002-XIE/0029785-002-XIE.pdf
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