M-W 5:40pm to 9:00pm
Chapter 9 Late Adulthood.
L01 & L02
1. The fastest growing segment of the elderly population is the oldest old, or people who are 85 and older. True. 2. Primary aging involves universal and irreversible changes that, due to genetic programing, occur as people get older. 3. According to the peripheral slowing hypothesis, for elderly individuals processing in all parts of the nervous system, including the brain is less efficient. L03, L04, and L05
1. Although we may expect the elderly to be in poor health or sickly, approximately three-fourth of people 65 and older rate their health as good, very good or excellent. 2. Which of the following is NOT a physical change in the brain associated with Alzheimer’s? The Brain Enlarges. 3. A strong relationship exists between economic well-being and illness in that those individuals who can afford to maintain good health care in their later years remain in better health. True L06 & L07
1. One problem with conducting cross-research on aging and cognition is that this method does not take into consideration cohort effects, the influences attributable to growing up in a particular era. 2. Based on the sequential study of aging and cognition conducted by Schaie (1994), there is no uniform pattern in adulthood of age-related change across all intellectual abilities. True 3. Not all develop mentalists believe in the “use it or lose it” hypothesis. For example, Salthose suggests that the rate of true, underlying cognitive decline in late adulthood is unaffected by mental exercise, and the lack of decline is a function of a larger cognitive reserve. True. L08
1. When it comes to autobiographical memories older individuals, like younger individuals, follow the Pollyanna principle, in that they are more likely to remember pleasant memories. 2. Explanations for changes in memory tend to focus on three main categories: environmental factors, biological factors, and information processing...
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