Literature Review

Topics: Sociology, Gerontology, Ageing Pages: 9 (1734 words) Published: May 24, 2015


Literature Review
Team C
BSHS/435
May 18, 2015
Staci Lowe
Literature Review
Elderly are not immune to mental health issues. The research question is “How does social support impact the mental health of the elderly?” The research question will allow the study to see what types of social supports help the elderly reduce the mental health issues they face. It will synthesize and evaluate the data, and explain the importance of the topic to establish ways to cite statistics how social support impacts the elderly. It will also establish the key variable, and statistics of the problem areas affecting the elder in mental health. In helping guide readers in a long literature review, a topic-by-topic description will be used to provide major and minor subheadings. It is important to identify issues that the research evidence is inconclusive or contradictory to help to identify further implications or needs for the further study of the elderly.

Synthesis of Information
Mental disorders in the elderly has become a public health concern, and how social support can act a part in reducing mental disorders. “Depression for individuals are costly due to high use of health care services and the increasing need of nursing care” (Buchtemann, Luppa, Bramesfield, & Riedel-Heller, 2012, p. 172). Identifying the importance of social support will help determine ways to lower mental disorders in elderly. The elderly have a propensity to be isolated from society and causing higher medical costs because their health deteriorates. Social support from interaction and relationships tend to strengthen the well-being of older individuals (White, Philogene, Fine, & Sinha, 2009). The literature methods to study the elderly and the social support conducted with two subsamples. They used random sampling and analytic sampling for adults aged 60 years and older (White, Philogene, Fine, & Sinha, 2009). It would show the differences in the samples to determine the accuracy of the reports. The importance of this study is to determine the effects of socialization has on the elderly and how to educate ways to the well-being of older individuals.

Social Support on how the elderly are affected
The elderly do not always have the best social support when it comes to their mental health service needs. These needs caused by the stress, anxiety and depression in the elderly population is having. It is estimated that between “18 to 25 percent of elders need mental care for depression, anxiety and the adjustment of aging”. (Persky, 2014)

Some issues that can arise when receiving these types of services is the lack of organized support. In most cases, supporters feel that is appropriate to overlook or oversee the mental care needs of the elderly. There have been programs created due to this issue; there have been outreach efforts to locate and identify the elderly in local communities that have depression to provide any services they feel will help. Relevant research begins by deciphering the problem. As the text states, “The heart of every research project is the problem.” (Practical Research Planning and Design, It Ch. 3). Once a specific research problem is formulated, reading the literature review on the issue is the first step. It is crucial that we know the information on our review very well if we can present our findings with confidence. One can find a literature review in several places, albeit in a library catalog or online database. Through the literature review, “Social Support, Loneliness, and Depression in the Elderly,” it was discovered that there are many factors in the topic of social services impacting the mental health in the elderly.

Social support can mean different things. It can come from human interaction from close loved ones such as friends and family, or there are also official functions that organized through one’s church or community center. Social support can also take the form of the pure...

References: American Psychological Association: Aging and Depression (2015). Retrieved from
http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/aging-depression.aspx.
Buchtemann, D., Luppa, M., Bramesfield, A., & Riedel-Heller, S. (2012). Incidence of late-life
depression: A systematic review
Cobb, S. (1976). Social support as a monderator of life stress. Psychometric Medicine. 38, 300-
314
Cohen, S., Syme, S. L. (1985). Issues in the application and study of social support. Social
Support and health Orlando, FL: Academic Press, pp
Fessman, N. & Lester, D. (2000). Loneliness and depression amon elderly nuring home patients.
Friske, A., Wetherell, J. L., & Gatz, M. (2009). Depression in the older adluts. Annual Review
Of Clinical Psychology, 5, 363-389, doi: 10.1146/annurer.clinpsy.032408.153621
Public Health Reviews (2107-6952). Vol. 32, Issue 2, 535-548.
Persky( 2014) Overlooked and Underserved: Elders in Need of Mental Health Care. Retrieved
from http://www.mhaging.org/info/olus.html.
Social Support, Loneliness, and Depression in the Elderly (2010, September). Retireved from
http://search.proquest.com.contentproxy.phoenix.edu/docview/854002845?pq-origsite=
White, A. M., Philogene, G. S., Fine, L., & Sinha, S. (2009). Social support and self-reported
Health status of older adults in the united states
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