Since High Renaissance period was highly influenced by the Roman culture, the Roman orders of columns were applied in the architecture and most building plans and façade were symmetrical. One of the examples which can be brought from Roman times is the Maison-Caree. It is an ancient building located in southern France, and considered to be one of the best preserved Roman temples. The three stepped floor was replaced with a tall platform, and the columns along the sides of the temple were converted to engage columns. ("Roman Architecture: Essential Humanities”) Units of measurements were based on the human scale and it was in mathematical proportions. One of the best examples of this is Laurentian Library by Michellangelo. The Laurentian Library was and still considered to be one of his greatest architectural achievements. The significance of the decoration of the library was the fact that they were handmade. The library is considered to be one of the most unified works of the High Renaissance in Florence. ("Laurentian Library - Florence." Laurentian Library) The reason why Laurentian Library is so special is the fact that it shows the most complete examples of mannerism as its structure, both interior and the furniture. Mannerism comes from the Italian word “maniera”, which means ‘style,’ and thus defines the sense of the artist’s characteristics. The root of “Mannerism” originates from Rome at the end of the Renaissance time period. Since it is during the Late Renaissance, it was greatly influenced by the classicism and naturalism of High Renaissance; which was the impact of reformation. It was against the equilibrium of form and proportions of the Renaissance and it was notable in the way it was the period bridging the High Renaissance and the Baroque. The creation of Mannerism was the fine turning point of the historical and stylistic of the period in the way it was an explosion of originality but perfectly fits in the harmony of...
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