Modern Day Slavery in Texas
Human Trafficking, best known as modern day slavery, is a major problem in Texas. Human trafficking can be defined into two types of Trafficking: Involuntary servitude which includes the domestic work such as Nannies, maids, and housekeeping, the business operations which consist of the Nail salons, massage parlors, and construction, and also the larger operations like the factory sweat shops and Agricultural farming. The second Trafficking is the most lucrative being the Sex exploitation of children, women, and men. This trafficking consists of operations of night clubs, modern day brothels, services of women and men being used as escorts, and the victim being controlled by a Pimp.
Many people think that slavery ended back when Lincoln was president, when in fact today it is more productive than ever. In 2000 the first law on the Federal level was placed in to affect, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA). This law assists the States with funding to help local and state law enforcement to concentrate on the efforts of attacking the war of modern day slavery. In 2003, Texas being one of two states, presented a law that ratified illegalization of Human Trafficking in the State. Victims who are forced into trafficking “are those aged 10-35 and who are indigenous, ethnic minority, rural, or refugee groups” (A Report of the Texas Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights, August 2011, p2). A vast majority of victims rescued each year are rescued from Texas. According to estimates within the first 48 hours of running away is when victims are more likely to be swindled into sex trading.
Human Trafficking has a negative effect on the economy and society in both the sex industry and labor enslavement. In the involvement of the sex trafficking, Victims “suffer extreme physical and mental abuse”(p2), causing the victim to have to have some type of treatment if injuries are sustained. In some cases...
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