Early World History
Which citystate has the most effective government? The most effective government in ancient Greece is definitely Athenians’ democracy, because it followed the people’s will. Although Sparta was very strict and selfdiscipline, it was too extreme. For example, Helots were the lowest class of Sparta. Spartans treated them brutally and oppressively because Helots were outnumbered by the Spartans, and the
Spartans were afraid that they would fight against them. But history proved that ruling as a tyrant could not prevent an uprising. In about 371 B.C., the Messenian Helots who had been enslaved by the Spartans for several centuries uprised. This
led to the Spartans decline, because the Helots were the foundation of
they were farmers, nurses, and cooks. The Spartans could
without them. However, because of the Spartans fear of Helots, they couldn’t send troops to far away places. In this time, Athens formed a Delian League, an alliance of citystates with Athens as leader. Athens were democratic, but the Delian League was not and Athens made all the decisions. As the historian Thucydides said, people will never obey tyranny, because their leadership depends on their superior strength, not the goodwill of people. Spartan's government was tyrannical, and was effective for a short time, but the problem underneath will never vanish away and must expose one day
But Athenians’ democracy followed the goodwill of people, and was effective because of this important basic rule of democracy; the will of the people.
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