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Topics: Gautama Buddha, Buddhism, Noble Eightfold Path Pages: 3 (639 words) Published: November 10, 2013
• Siddhartha Gautama, more commonly known as Buddha.
• Focusses on personal spiritual development
• They believe in no personal god
• Four Noble Truths: The truth of suffering
The truth of origin of suffering
The truth of cessation of suffering
The truth of the path to the cessation of suffering
• (First) Dukkha - Suffering like old age, sickness and death. Life frequently fails to live up to our expectations
• (Second) Samudaya - Causes of suffering = Greed and desire, Ignorance and Delusion, Hatred and destructive urges.
• (Third) Nirodha - If people end their suffering, they obtain Nirvana
• (Four) Magga
• The Eightfold Path - Right Understanding: Accepting Buddha's teachings
- Right Intention: Right Attitudes
- Right Speech: Speaking Truthfully
- Right
- Right Livelihood: Don’t cause harm from your life
- Right Effort: Positive states of mind
- Right Mindfulness: Awareness of the body
• The Wheel of Life - Represents the
• Buddhist class themselves as either Theravada or Mahayana or by cultural areas: Theravada, East Asia and Tibetan
• Theravada is the oldest surviving Buddhist school
• Bases its practices on the Pali Canon, and practiced in Sri Lanka, Laos, Thailand
• Mahayana schools recognize all the Mahayana Sutras
• Vajrayana tradition
• Unlike many religions, Buddhism has no central text
• Pali Tipitaka: three baskets, after Buddha death
• Mahayana sutras are scriptures that are more deep, there are about 600 sutras surviving

BBC Notes

• Buddha means the enlightened one
• Founded first religion
• Some think it is not a religion
• Buddha was born in India
• Buddha father was king of tribe
• Buddha's mother died after birth, Buddha was named Sitata
• He had markings that showed he was special
• Dad wanted him to become king
• Buddha realised every action has a consequence, known as Karma
• Dad tried to convince him to stay
• Sitata...
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