Unit-1 Meaning of OB
Meaning & Importance of OB
Understanding Organisational Behaviour
Behaviour in an organziation has become a special subject. It is the knowledge of human behaviour at work. Human behaviour in organization is determined by the requirements of the formal organization and partly by the personal systems of the individuals forming the organization. The behaviour that emerges from this interaction defines the field of organizational behaviour.
The study of organizational behaviour has certain basic assumptions, which are listed below:
-an industrial enterprise is an organization of people
-these people must be motivated to work effectively
-the goals of the employee and employer may not necessarily coincide -the policies and procedures adopted may influence people in the directions not always foreseen by the policy makers
Organizational behaviour (frequently abbreviated as OB) is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behaviour within organizations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization's
According to Fred Luthans, "Organizational behaviour is
understanding, predicting and controlling human behaviour at work." Keith Davis defined “Organizational Behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people as individual or as groups act within organizations.”
P.Robbins defined “A field of study that investigates the impact of individuals, groups and structures on behaviour
within organisations for the purpose of applying such
knowledge towards improving organisations effectiveness”
It is a field of study
Studies individuals, groups and structures
Applies the gained knowledge to work effectively
Again it can be said that OB is like a tool, by which the mgt. teams are understood or justified the nature of employees and take an appropriate decision to lead the organization purport.
At last we can say that OB is valuable for examining the
dynamics of relationships with the small groups, both formal teams and informal groups.
Organisational Behaviour with other disciplines
Organizational Behaviour is a unique combination of different disciplines. The predominate areas are psychology, sociology, social psychology, anthropology, political science, and economics.
Psychology is the science that seeks of measure, explain and sometimes change the behaviour and other animals, Psychologists concern themselves with studying and attempting to understand individual behavior. Many of the theories dealing with personality, attitude, learning, motivation, and stress have been applied in Organizational Behavior to understand work-related phenomena such as job satisfaction, commitment, absenteeism, turnover, and worker well-being.
Sociologists, studying the structure and function of small
groups within a society have contributed greatly to a more complete understanding of behavior within organizations. Specifically, sociologists have made their greatest contribution to OB through their study of group behaviour in organizations, particularly formal and complex organizations. Some of the areas within OB that received
valuables input from sociologists include group up dynamic, organizational technology, bureaucracy, communications, power, conflicts, and intergroup behavior.
Social psychology is an area within psychology, but blends
concepts from both psychology and sociology. It focuses on the influence of people on one another. One of the major areas receiving considerable investigation from social psychologists has been change --- how to implement it and how to reduce barriers to its acceptance.
Anthropology is a science of man. Anthropologists study
societies to learn about human beings and their activities. Their work on cultures and environment, for instance, has helped us understand differences in...
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