Organisations and Behaviour

Topics: Organizational structure, Organization, Leadership Pages: 9 (3052 words) Published: July 25, 2013
Organisations and Behaviour (Unit 3) BTEC Higher National Diploma(HND) in Business Marketing Level 4 Module Tutor: Esther M. Aivinhenyi Student: Ionela Done

CONTENT
Organisational structures and culture…………………………………………………..3p Explain how the relationship between an organisation‟s structure and culture

can impact on the performance of the business………………………………………4p

Factors which influence individual behavioural at work……………………………….6p Compare the effectiveness of the different leadership styles in two or more organisations of your choice……………………………………………………………..7p Explain how the organisational theory underpins the practice of management…….8p Evaluate the different approaches to management……………………………………8p Discuss the impact that different leadership styles may have on motivation in organisations in periods of change………………………………………………………9p Compare the application of different motivational theories within an organisation…9p Evaluate the usefulness of a motivation theory for managers………………………10p Explain the nature of groups and group behaviour within an organisation……….10p Factors that may promote or inhibit the development of effective teamwork in organisations…………………………………………………………………………...…11p Evaluate the impact of technology on team functioning within a given organisation……………………………………………………………………………….11p

Organisational structures and culture The relationship between organizational culture and organizational structure is an important theme. Organizational structure works within an organizational culture, but it is not completely separate. The two are very much intertwined. Organizational

culture is a more general term that refers to a large umbrella of smaller topics and issues within an organization. The structure refers to the infrastructure and the various methods and practices within that infrastructure. That helps an organizational culture run with the efficiency and consistency which should be the hallmark of any healthy organizational structure, whether it is in a corporation, sports team, or any other set up that is large enough to create its own organizational culture. According to Robbins: “Organizational Culture is a common perception held by the organization organization‟s members; a system of shared meaning”. Organizational structure will deal primarily with the set up of the culture. How management works, which specific responsibilities supervisors have, how a complaint is passed through the ranks-these are all issues within the organizational culture that are directly tied to how an organizational structure works. Another common way to describe how structure works is to say that organizational structure is the way in which the interrelated groups within an organization are set up to allow them to function smoothly from a larger standpoint. Some theorists have even broken down the concept of organizational structure into several categories to describe the phases which businesses go through as they grow in size and scope. The first is the pre-bureaucratic structure, which is mainly known for lacking a structure that standardizes tasks. The next level is bureaucratic, which is where there is larger organization, which requires a degree of standardization in paperwork and processes. While bureaucracy has a negative connotation, it can be a good thing in small doses, especially in tackling issues that will become recurring themes in larger businesses. There is also the post bureaucratic, which has a more nebulous definition and is seen as more of a theoretical term, but might be referred to more recent, cultural based models of leading. As we can see, the relationship between organizational culture and organizational structure can be hard to tell apart, but in a fully healthy culture that is exactly what should be expected when all is functioning normally.

Explain how the relationship between an organisation’s structure and culture can impact on the performance of the business The Coca-Cola...

References: • • • • • •
http://blog.facebook.com/blog.php?topic_id=356958266087 [Last accessed: 23-12-2012] http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/best companies/2012/snapshots/1.html [24-12-2012] The Times, Creating an effective organisational structure, Page 2: A Global and local strategy; The Times, Creating an effective organisational structure, Page 5: Structure and culture; Hersey, P & Blanchard, K 1982, The Management of Organisational Behaviour, 4th ed, Prentice Hall; Bowditch, James L. and Anthony F. Buono, A Primer on Organizational Behavior, 4th, John Wiley & Sons, 1997;
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