1. What Is Organization BehaviourContent of the chapter… 1) Meaning 2) Deﬁnition 3) Nature 4) Characteristics 5) Relative contribution of disciplines on OB 6) Signiﬁcance of OB 7) Approaches of OB 8) Challenges 9) Do Successful Organizations Put People First? 2. MeaningOB is nothing more than developing our understanding and development of people skill. Amultidisciplinary ﬁeld devoted to understanding individual and group behavior, interpersonalprocesses, and organizational dynamics.OB is Study of human behavior in organizations. There are two words- 1- Organization 2- BehaviourAn organization is a collection of people working together in a division of labor to achieve acommon purpose.The study of Organizational Behaviour (OB) is very interesting and challenging too. It is relatedto individuals, group of people working together in teams. The study of organizational behaviourrelates to the expected behaviour of an individual in the organization. No two individuals arelikely to behave in the same manner in a particular work situation. It is the predictability of amanager about the expected behaviour of an individual.OB is concerned with the study of what people do in an organization (social system) and howthat behavior aﬀects the performance of the organization • Individual Behavior • Individual and group behavior • Organizational structure DEFINITIONSAccording to Luthans―OB is directly concerned with the understanding, predicting and controlling of human behaviorin organizations.‖According to LM PrasadThe study and application of knowledge about human behaviour related to other elements of anorganization such as structure, technology and social systemsStephen P RobinsOrganizational behaviour as a systematic study of the actions and attitudes that people exhibitwithin organizations.Roman J. Alday―O.B as a branch of the social science that seeks to build theories that can be applied topredicting understanding and controlling behavior in work organizations‖“Organizational behaviour is a ﬁeld of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groupsand organizational structure have on behaviour within the organization, for the purpose ofapplying such knowledge towards improving an organizational eﬀectiveness‖. 3. Nature of OB1) A separate ﬁeld of study and not a discipline only It has assumed the status of a distinct ﬁeld of study. It is a part of general management. It represents behavioral approach to management.2) An inter-disciplinary approach The OB is heavily inﬂuenced by several other behavioral sciences and social sciences like psychology, Sociology and anthropology. O.B. has psychological foundations. The concept like learning, perception, attitude, motivation etc is borrowed from psychology, sociology and anthropology.3) A Normative Science Organizational
behaviour is a normative science. A normative science prescribes how the various ﬁndings of researches can be applied to get organizational results, which are acceptable to the society. Thus, what is acceptable by the society or individuals engaged in an organization is a matter of values of the society and people concerned.4) A Science and Art Organization behavior is both art and science. It is considered as art because it contains knowledge about behavior of individuals. It is considered as science because it involves application of science.5) Humanistic and Optimistic Approach Organizational behaviour focuses the attention on people from humanistic point of view. It is based on the belief that needs and motivation of people are of high concern. Further, there is optimism about the innate potential of man to be independent, creative, predictive and capable of contributing positively to the objectives of the organization.6) Oriented towards Organizational Objectives Organizational behaviour is oriented towards organizational objectives. In fact, organizational behaviour tries to integrate both individual and organizational objectives so that...
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